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2. Peacemaking 1918-1919 and the
League of Nations
How did the Treaty of Versailles establish peace?
The impact of war

France ­ most of the fighting took place in France so over 2m had to flee from
their home and 3/4m homes were destroyed. Danger of unexploded shells and

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Lose Germany's navy and

Wilson USA Make war never happen again Lloyd George: Clemenceau:
An idealist, Germany should be punished, Good ideas, not Nutty
reformer (NOT but not too harshly, like Britain. aiming high Frenchman
WELL) They should lose some enough, too Isn't prepared to
compromising create peace

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West Prussia, Prosen and a bit Lost land taken from Russia
of Upper Silesia to new Poland.
Reparations 1921 - £6600million
Germany to If they weren't changed in 29,
pay Germany wouldn't have
finished paying until 1984!
Armed Germany's army limited to Navy could only build six battleships
forces 100,000men…

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were happy to believe their country had been betrayed by reward `stabbed in the
3. The 14 points were unfair to Germany because:
They were going to lose 10% of their land and all overseas colonies
12.5% of its population
16% coalfields
½ iron and steel industry

They were…

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Why did the League of Nations fail in its aim to keep peace?

The USA fails to join

1. Woodrow Wilson expected the USA to join because he was president and he made
up the idea, he thought everyone thought like him, he was an idealist, he was
president so…

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2. Henry Cabot said that the USA have interested in Asia and the Pacific that are
more important. So the less time they spend sorting out Europe, the better. He
thought that if the USA was tied-up in Europe, her power will be destroyed.
3. Many Americans hated the idea…

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3. An inquiry by the Council

If these did not work, and a country ignored the League's decision, then the League could
take action:

4. It could put pressure on the guilty country bringing world opinion against it (moral
5. Members of the League could refuse to trade with…

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Made a strong pro ­ Peace statement. Countries The League had no permanent army
could discuss problems rather than declaring war. of its own
Special departments aimed to improve people lives Unsuccessful when dealing with large
e.g. refugees powerful nations e.g. Italy
When the League was set up in 1919…

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By early 1933, Japan occupied the whole of Manchuria. Later in 1933, the LofN
formally condemned Japan's action. The Japanese simply left the League and
later occupied another Chinese province, Jehol.

Abyssinia (Ethiopia) 1934-1936


1896 ­ Battle of Adowa and Italy suffered a humiliating defeat (beaten by African

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Arms continued to be sold to Abyssinia

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wow this is really good! Worth reading through and taking notes

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