AQA GCSE History B: unit 1 - Hitler's foreign policy and the origins of ww2

Part 3 - the lead up to ww2

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3. Hitler's Foreign Policy and the
Origins of the Second World War
How did Hitler challenge and exploit the Treaty of Versailles 1933 to March
Hitler's aims in foreign policy
While in prison in 1924, Hitler wrote Mein Kampf (`my struggle'). In this and later writings in
the 1920s, he made some comments about aims in foreign policy. His main aims can be
summarised as follows:
To make Germany into a Great Power again
To unite all German speaking people under his rule
To gain territory for Germany in the East to provide Lebensraum (`living space') for
the German people
To achieve these aims, it would be necessary to destroy the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler
had gained so much supports in Germany throughout the 1920s by condemning the
treaty and politicians who had signed it. He blamed many of Germany's problems on the
peace settlement. The treaty was a symbol of Germany's defeat and the disgrace that
came with it. When Hitler came to power, reparations had been reduced and eventually
cancelled in 1932. The remainder of the hated treaty remained in force, so in order to
further his aims, Hitler would have to:
Change the territorial settlement of the TofV by regaining lands inhabited by
German people that had been taken from Germany at Versailles, including the
Saar and Danzig
Bring the 7 million German-speaking people in Austria, and the 4 million in
Czechoslovakia and Poland into his empire ­ this again involved destroying the
peace settlement of 1919
Build up the German army so that his aims could be supported by forced if
necessary and to prove that Germany was a Great Power
Expand in the east, probably against communist USSR ­ Hitler hated communism.
This aim was probably intended for the future when the TofV had been
overturned and Germany confirmed as the greatest power in Europe.
The steps to war
1. 1933 on taking power, Hitler reveals to his generals that his first priority is
rearmament ­ NOT ALLOWED!!!!!
2. 1935 Hitler announces rearmament plans at massive rally in Berlin
3. 1935 Hitler signs a naval agreement with Britain, agreeing to increase
Germany's navy ­ NOT ALLOWED!!!!!
4. March 1936 German troops enter the Rhineland ­ NOT ALLOWED!!!!!
5. November 1936 Hitler makes alliances with both Italy and Japan

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Hitler used the Spanish Civil War as am opportunity to test out his new
tanks and aircraft in active combat
7. March 1938 Anschluss (political union). Hitler united Austria with Germany ­ NOT
8. September ­ October 1938 Germany takes the Sudetenland (part of
Czechoslovakia full of Germans) ­ NOT ALLOWED!!!!!
9. March 1939 Germany invades Czechoslovakia
10. August 1939 Hitler signs the Nazi-Soviet Pact with Stalin (leader of USSR) to
invade Poland together and get ½ each!
11.…read more

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Britain and France did not act against Germany breaking the terms of the Treaty
because Britain felt the terms were unfair and France were afraid of German
recovery and wanted the Treaty strengthened, not weakened but could not act
alone, so Britain and France could not agree what to do.
Hitler took this advantage of this to further his aims in foreign policy.…read more

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France. Nazi propaganda made great use of this. Victory in the plebiscite was
publicised as the removal of one of the injustices of Versailles. It was greeted with great
celebration in Germany. Hitler announced to the world that all cause of grievance
between France and Germany had now been removed. The return of the Saar to
Germany was not illegal. Hitler had kept within the terms of the TofV, which had provided
for a plebiscite to be held after 15 yrs.…read more

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French. However, Chamberlain asked Hitler whether he had plans to invade
Czech and was reassures by Hitler's promise.
Why did Chamberlain's policy of appeasement fail to
prevent the outbreak of war in 1939?
Why did Britain and France follow a policy of Appeasement?
Appeasement is a political compromise where you don't
challenge someone or something because it is easier to do nothing.…read more

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People still remembered the effects of Hitler was getting away with everything,
WW1 so they didn't want another one. To and he wrote down and said what he was
prevent this we let Hitler do what he going to do but Britain ignored these signs
wanted and not get in the way. and had to fight back.…read more

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Sudetenland to Germany. 3 days later, Hitler increased his demands ­ he wanted
ALL the Sudetenland. He justified his demands by claiming that the Czech
government was mistreating the Germans in the Sudetenland. Everyone was
prepared for war (Britain, Italy, France vs. Germany). However, on 29 September, B,
I, F & G gave the Sudetenland over to the Germans WITHOUT consulting the
USSR. This was known as the Munich Agreement. Chamberlain started peace.…read more

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Created distrust with other powers, Other countries appeased
sense of uneasiness Carried out peacefully (no guns etc.…read more



YOU ARE MY SAVIOUR!!!!!! Thank you so much for all of them! ***


really fantastic thank you very much!


So helpful! Thank You! :3

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