Aims & Samples of 15 Studies OCR

Table with all the aims and samples of the studies. Tried to be brief. =]

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  • Created on: 09-05-09 18:44
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Study Aim Sample
- To see the effect of - Experiment 1:
leading questions on 45 student participants from University of Washington.
memory of an event. To find - Divided into 5 groups of 9 participants each group asked question with different verb: smashed, collided,
Loftus & out if changing the verb used hit bumped, contacted.
Palmer in a question about speed - Experiment 2:
would have an effect on 150 student participants.
estimates given by - Divided into 3 groups of 50 participants, `smashed' and `hit' group and control group (no speed question
participants. asked).
Three groups:
To investigate if - 16 subjects, 13 male, 3 female, high functioning autism. Normal intelligence. Recruited from variety of
Baron-Co high-functioning adults with sources: autism magazine "Communication".
hen autism lack advanced theory - 50 normal age-matched adults, 25 males, 25 females, general population of Cambridge, randomly
of mind skills. selected from uni department.
- 10 adults with Tourette's, 8 males, 2 females, also age-matched to Group 1.
To study the language
acquisition of 2 pygmy
chimps named Kanzi and
Mulika in comparison to 2
common chimps, Austin and - 2 pygmy chimps, Kanzi and Mulika, reared in a language using environment, access to mother. Kanzi, 4
Sherman years of age, sister Mulika, 3 years of age.
To describe the symbol - 2 common chimps, Sherman and Austin, 9 and 10 years old, also reared in language using environment.
acquisition of a non human
species without specific

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To demonstrate that if
children were witnesses to
aggressive behaviour by an All attended Stanford University nursery school. 72 children, 36 boys, 36 girls, aged 37 to 69 months. Each
Developmental Bandura
adult they would imitate this child rated by experimenter and teacher on 5-point scale of aggressiveness, then placed into group of 3
aggressive behaviour when with similar score, then each one in a different condition or control group. Average age 52 months.
given the opportunity.…read more

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Claimed to hear voices of the same sex saying: "empty", "hollow", "thud".
people who are sane and - Spent time writing notes of their observations in the 12 psychiatric wards in the USA.
those who are insane.
- 60 participants.
- Mean age 23.4 years.
- 44 males, 16 females.
- All participants had played fruit machines at least once in their life.
- Most recruited via a small poster advert circulated around a uni and college campus.…read more

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Psychometric tests measuring social variables (racism, social dominance, authoritarianism) and clinical
- To analyse what variables (depression, anxiety, paranoia etc)
conditions lead - Full weekend assessment by independent clinical psychologists
individuals to identify - Medical and character references, police checks.
with their group, and
accept or challenge - Final choice ensured diversity of age, social class and ethnicity.
intergroup inequalities. - Needed to be pro-social and well adjusted.…read more


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