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Milgram (1963)
Study of Obedience…read more

Slide 2

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Why are we likely to obey people in
· They have the authority to punish
· Legal authority
· Respect for authority
· They are looking after us…read more

Slide 3

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Background: "The German Question"
[do as you are told]
· During the Second World War (1935-1945), the
Nazi government exterminated "worthless" ethnic
groups, leading to the deaths of millions of people
of Jewish descent, homosexuals, the mentally ill,
travelling people and those of Slavic descent.
· To kill effectively, death camps were set up with
Auschwitz being the most gruesome. 12,000
people a day were killed, with an estimate of 2
million Jewish people killed there.…read more

Slide 4

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Previous research
· Solomon Asch carried out studies on conformity in
1955. He investigated how people respond to
group pressure using the lines experiment.
· Milgram worked with Asch to develop the
technique in other countries so he could study
national character. When he later returned to the
USA, he wanted to make the study more relevant
to real life, so introduced his study in 1963.…read more

Slide 5

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Why was Milgram so interested in
studying obedience?
· In the 1960's, many European psychologists
were worried that the genocide in World War
II could happen again
· Many psychologists in the USA were from
Jewish families who had suffered great losses
due to the genocide, and Milgram was
amongst these…read more

Slide 6

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What was the aim of the study?
The aim of the experiment was to investigate
what level of obedience participants would
show when an authority figure told them to
administer electric shocks to another person.…read more

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