World War I

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  • Created by: Ls
  • Created on: 06-05-14 20:24
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  • World War I : part 1
    • Causes of WWI
      • Balkans Wars:
        • SE Europe
        • Ottoman Empire declined in 19th C.
        • AH Emp. wanted to control the area.
        • Tension between AH and Serbia because they had annexed Bosnia Herzegovina as it contained many Serbs.
        • Nationalism spread in Serbia.
        • Balkans left East Europe - power vacuum.
      • Warfare change:
        • technology
        • discoveries of new materials
        • import
      • Militarism:
        • Placing importance on increasing a nation's force.
        • eg. Germany and Britain
      • Imperialism:
        • Extending a country's empire or its influence.
        • eg. Moroccan crisis France and Germany.
      • Alliance:
        • Association formed by countries who want to support each other.
        • eg. Triple Alliance and Triple Entente
      • Nationalism:
        • Wanting to be an independent country and not to form part of another.
        • eg. Balkans
      • Assassination of Franz Ferdinand
        • 28th June 1914
        • Black hand gang - Serbian terrorists killed him
    • Why did men join up and conditions at war.
      • wealth, fame glory, prestige and bravery
      • patriotism
      • conscription: when a government makes it compulsory to join.
      • propaganda: one sided information presented for a particular purpose usually to make people do something
      • Government's problems:
        • small professional army
        • recruit quickly
        • recruitment drive: posters, leaflets, offices and speeches
      • Weren't given right equipment, not much training, terrified, no relation to outside world, horrible conditions
    • Stalemate on the Western Front and other fronts.
      • Battle of the Somme
        • Stalemate: a position in which no action can be taken or made
        • breaking the stalemate to relieve pressure on Verdun
        • Poor judgement, intelligence and communcation
        • Too self assured
      • Italian Front: Joined allies in 1915
        • Hope to get their hands on Austrian territory
        • Major defeat in 1917 but better in 1918
      • The Balkans: British and French sent troops to support Serbs, nothing happened
      • Eastern Front: Russians fought Germans and Austians
        • Russians retreat for most of 1914 to 1915
        • Very successful offensive in 1916
        • Stops fighting as Communists take over in 1917 Revolution
      • Middle East: British sent forces to protect their oil suppplies
      • Gallipoli: Bold attempts from Allies to knock Turkey out of the war
        • Failed because of disastrous landing on peninsula
          • Poor preparation, organizing, lack of commitment from senior officers
    • End of WWI and peace treaty.
      • Naval blockade makes Germans rise against leaders and starve
      • Get America as and ally to replace Russia; in last stages, Germany is exhausted and allies try to make them surrender
      • Peace Treaty:
        • Britain: take Germany's colonies, and basic resources as well as weapons.
        • France: Germany's land, want them to become weak.
        • America: want nothing to do with European conflicts, want an end to colonies.

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