Westphal critiques

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  • Westphal Criticisms
    • Hume and Kant
      • Westphal starts with these but they are not the first to focus on religion rather than God
    • Assumes focus is only on Religion after the deist project and the c- change
      • This is wrong
      • Wittgenstein
        • Interested in Linguistic claims about God
        • He came after Kant and Hume
      • Westphal did not talk about the Third formulation.
        • This came about after Philosophy of Religion
        • This talked about Religious Language in the 21 century.
        • The Linguistic tern
          • Interested in Linguistic claims about God
        • Looks to see if religious Language has meaning .
      • Scholars still focused on God after this change
        • Hick
          • Book called 'The Existence of God'
        • Swinburne
          • Book 'Is there a God'
    • Schleiermacher
      • has more influence that Kant
      • He helps to shape a Protestant philosophy based on religious experience
        • Pick and mix attitude to external ( The Husk)
          • People like this as leads to the Kernel
            • As they can accept what they like and be apart of a religion they want and this is accepted
              • America, huge churches that focus on experience of God.
    • Hegel
      • His View is widely accepted
        • Avatar and star wars films
          • This Pantheism has some appeal and has become popular form of spirituality
    • Westphal assumes that Hume is the first person to be suspicious of the motives of being religious.
      • This is wrong
        • The Bible
          • Parable of the Pharisee and the Publican
            • where the Pharisee is condemned because he follows all the right rules for the wrong resons
        • Aquinas
          • interior acts (motive) were more important that Exterior acts (the acts themselves)
            • Showing that the Hermeneutics of suspicion was actually started by Christianity itself , not Hume
  • Kant Did not have the Impact Westphal Credits him to have
    • Religion is still with us
      • most still think of God as a divine commander
        • In a Christian theistic sense
      • Shows no sign of going away
    • Westphal Criticisms
      • Hume and Kant
        • Westphal starts with these but they are not the first to focus on religion rather than God
      • Assumes focus is only on Religion after the deist project and the c- change
        • This is wrong
        • Wittgenstein
          • He came after Kant and Hume
        • Westphal did not talk about the Third formulation.
          • This came about after Philosophy of Religion
          • This talked about Religious Language in the 21 century.
          • The Linguistic tern
            • Looks to see if religious Language has meaning .
          • Scholars still focused on God after this change
            • Hick
              • Book called 'The Existence of God'
            • Swinburne
              • Book 'Is there a God'
        • Schleiermacher
          • has more influence that Kant
          • He helps to shape a Protestant philosophy based on religious experience
            • Pick and mix attitude to external ( The Husk)
              • People like this as leads to the Kernel
                • As they can accept what they like and be apart of a religion they want and this is accepted
                  • America, huge churches that focus on experience of God.
        • Hegel
          • His View is widely accepted
            • Avatar and star wars films
              • This Pantheism has some appeal and has become popular form of spirituality
        • Westphal assumes that Hume is the first person to be suspicious of the motives of being religious.
          • This is wrong
            • The Bible
              • Parable of the Pharisee and the Publican
                • where the Pharisee is condemned because he follows all the right rules for the wrong resons
            • Aquinas
              • interior acts (motive) were more important that Exterior acts (the acts themselves)
                • Showing that the Hermeneutics of suspicion was actually started by Christianity itself , not Hume
      • People are not getting ride of Kants externals that he calls 'Fetish-Faith'
        • such as Baptism or going to church
        • Christians don't  live with a demythologised rational religion as Kant wanted.
        • Fetish-faith would include arguments over homosexuality and the ordination of woman, externals that kant would say are not based on reason.
          • and they are actively debated

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