gcse geography theme 2

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  • Created by: charlie
  • Created on: 07-04-13 20:12
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  • theme 2
    • depressions
      • warm air meets cold air
      • cause sequence of conditions
      • air rising
    • anticyclones
      • clear skies
      • dry weather
      • air falling
    • extreme UK weather
      • raining more
        • flooding
      • temp. increasing
        • droughts
      • impacts
        • peoples homes and lives
          • restricted water use
          • homes damaged
          • business ruined
        • agriculture
          • crop failures
          • rainfall=higher yield
          • new climates=new crops
        • health
          • deaths
          • types of deaths
        • transport
          • block roads
          • high temps=buckled railways
    • global climate change: any change in weather over long time
      • global warming
        • evidence
          • thermometer measurements
          • melting ice sheets
        • greenhouse gases
      • increased rainfall
      • natural
        • variations in solar output
        • changes in earths orbit
      • impacts
        • economic
          • farming
          • predicting,reducing and rebuilding extreme weather events
          • industries
        • social
          • death
            • less food
            • extreme events
          • infectious disease spread in heat
        • environmental
          • sea levels rise
          • droughts
          • species adapt
        • political
          • competition of water
          • increased immigration and emigration
          • pressure to find solutions
      • responses
        • kyoto protocol
        • national
          • transport
          • taxation
        • loacal
          • congestion charges
          • recycling
          • conserving energy
    • tropical storms
      • how it develops
        • over warm water
        • warm air rises, condenses giving energy
      • impacts
        • primary
          • buildings
          • rivers flood
          • roads
        • secondary
          • homeless
          • no clean water
        • reducing
          • prediciction
          • planning
          • building techniques
          • education
          • aid
      • CS: hurricane Katrina, S/E USA
    • droughts
      • causes
        • changes in atmospheric conditions
          • annual rains fail
        • high pressure blocks depressions
      • climatic hazards
      • impacts
        • primary
          • dehydration
          • vegetation dies
        • secondary
          • food shortage
          • farms close
    • ecosystems
      • biotic + abiotic factors
      • world ecosystems
        • tropical rainforests
          • 3 trees layers +shrub layer
          • infertile land
          • biome
          • deforestation
            • sustainable management
              • selective logging
              • replanting
              • ecotourism
              • protection laws
          • sustainable management
            • selective logging
            • replanting
            • ecotourism
            • protection laws
          • CS: amazon
        • deserts
          • plant adaptation
          • infertile soil
        • deciduous forests
          • seasons
          • very fertile leaf fall
          • 3 layers
      • CS:  languard
    • hydrological cycle
    • drainage basins
      • separated by watershed
      • water runs off in to
    • rocks
      • permeable
        • pervious
          • granite/marble
        • porous
          • chalk/limestone
      • impermeable
        • clay
      • broken down by weathering
        • mechanical
          • freeze-thaw
        • chemical
          • carbonation
        • biological
          • Untitled
    • transportation
      • traction
        • solution
    • meanders
      • river cliff
      • slip-off slope
      • caused by erosion and deposition
        • deposition
          • river drops eroded material
          • slows down
          • landforms
            • flood plains
            • leeves
              • natural embankments
            • deltas
              • arcuate
              • cuspate
              • bird's foot
      • form ox-bow lakes
    • river discharge
      • vol. of water flowing
    • coasts
      • deposition
        • landforms
          • spits
            • curved ends by waves
            • bars
              • spit joins 2 headlands together
                • lagoon
          • bars
            • spit joins 2 headlands together
              • lagoon
          • shingle beaches
        • constructive waves
          • powerful  swash
          • weak backwash
    • groundwater
      • C.S: artesian basin
  • UK climate
    • precipitation and temp. follows seasonal pattern
    • why it varies
      • latitude (N/S of equator)
      • distance from sea
      • wind (prevailing S/W)
      • pressure
        • low pressure
        • high pressure
      • altitude
    • theme 2
      • depressions
        • warm air meets cold air
        • cause sequence of conditions
        • air rising
      • anticyclones
        • clear skies
        • dry weather
        • air falling
      • extreme UK weather
        • raining more
          • flooding
        • temp. increasing
          • droughts
        • impacts
          • peoples homes and lives
            • restricted water use
            • homes damaged
            • business ruined
          • agriculture
            • crop failures
            • rainfall=higher yield
            • new climates=new crops
          • health
            • deaths
            • types of deaths
          • transport
            • block roads
            • high temps=buckled railways
      • global climate change: any change in weather over long time
        • global warming
          • evidence
            • thermometer measurements
            • melting ice sheets
          • greenhouse gases
        • increased rainfall
        • natural
          • variations in solar output
          • changes in earths orbit
        • impacts
          • economic
            • farming
            • predicting,reducing and rebuilding extreme weather events
            • industries
          • social
            • death
              • less food
              • extreme events
            • infectious disease spread in heat
          • environmental
            • sea levels rise
            • droughts
            • species adapt
          • political
            • competition of water
            • increased immigration and emigration
            • pressure to find solutions
        • responses
          • kyoto protocol
          • national
            • transport
            • taxation
          • loacal
            • congestion charges
            • recycling
            • conserving energy
      • tropical storms
        • how it develops
          • over warm water
          • warm air rises, condenses giving energy
        • impacts
          • primary
            • buildings
            • rivers flood
            • roads
          • secondary
            • homeless
            • no clean water
          • reducing
            • prediciction
            • planning
            • building techniques
            • education
            • aid
        • CS: hurricane Katrina, S/E USA
      • droughts
        • causes
          • changes in atmospheric conditions
            • annual rains fail
          • high pressure blocks depressions
        • climatic hazards
        • impacts
          • primary
            • dehydration
            • vegetation dies
          • secondary
            • food shortage
            • farms close
      • ecosystems
        • biotic + abiotic factors
        • world ecosystems
          • tropical rainforests
            • 3 trees layers +shrub layer
            • infertile land
            • biome
            • deforestation
              • CS: amazon
            • deserts
              • plant adaptation
              • infertile soil
            • deciduous forests
              • seasons
              • very fertile leaf fall
              • 3 layers
          • CS:  languard
        • hydrological cycle
        • drainage basins
          • separated by watershed
          • water runs off in to
        • rocks
          • permeable
            • pervious
              • granite/marble
            • porous
              • chalk/limestone
          • impermeable
            • clay
          • broken down by weathering
            • mechanical
              • freeze-thaw
            • chemical
              • carbonation
            • biological
              • Untitled
        • transportation
          • traction
            • solution
        • meanders
          • river cliff
          • slip-off slope
          • caused by erosion and deposition
            • deposition
              • river drops eroded material
              • slows down
              • landforms
                • flood plains
                • leeves
                  • natural embankments
                • deltas
                  • arcuate
                  • cuspate
                  • bird's foot
          • form ox-bow lakes
        • river discharge
          • vol. of water flowing
        • coasts
          • deposition
            • landforms
              • spits
                • curved ends by waves
              • shingle beaches
            • constructive waves
              • powerful  swash
              • weak backwash
        • groundwater
          • C.S: artesian basin
    • erosion
      • vertical
      • lateral
      • processes
        • hydraulic action
        • abrasion
        • attrition
        • solution
      • landforms
        • waterfalls and gorges
      • produce interlocking spurs
    • saltation
      • suspension
      • flooding
        • physical factors
          • snowmelt
          • rainfall
        • human factors
          • deforestation
          • construction
        • management
          • har engineering
          • soft engineering
        • C.S: Tewkesbury floods
      • erosion
        • wave erosion
          • hydraulic power
            • abrasion
              • attrition
                • solution
          • destructive waves
            • high wind
            • high fetch
        • landforms
          • cliffs retreat
            • wave-cut notch
            • mass movements
            • headlands and bays
              • headlands
                • cracks
                • cave
                • arch
                • stack
                • stump
            • coves
              • parallel bands of hard and soft rock
      • and  transportation : LSD

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