The instruments of US foreign policy

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  • The instruments of US foreign policy
    • The State Department
      • Keeping the President informed about international developments
      • Maintaining diplomatic relations with foreign governments
      • Negotiating treaties
      • Protecting the interests of Americans abroad
      • It spends years cultivating relationships with other countries, it is seen as the part of the federal bureaucracy least responsive to an incoming administration's goals
    • The Department of Defence
      • Primary role is to assist the President in his role as C-inC
      • Often referred to as the Pentagon (shape of the headquarters in Arlington, Virginia)
      • It is the largest of all the departments
      • 800,000 civilian and more than a million military personnel
      • In GW Bush's first term the Departments of Defence and State offered conflicting advice and the Pentagon usually prevailed
    • Intelligence agencies
      • The CIA is the most famous but not the largest of the intelligence agencies in the US
      • There are 15 federal agencies belonging to the intelligence community
      • 8 of these representing more than 80% of the annual budget of $40 billion, fall under the responsibility of the Department of Defence
      • In 2004, Congress passed the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act, which created the post of Director of National Intelligence, who would coordinate activities of all the agencies


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