Hard and Soft Power

HideShow resource information
Preview of Hard and Soft Power

First 415 words of the document:

A2 Government & Politics 12/10/2012
1. Draw a table that distinguishes between hard and soft power?
Hard Power Soft Power
is a term describing political power is the ability to obtain what one wants
obtained from the use of military or through cooption and attraction
economic coercion to influence the can be wielded not just by states, but by
behaviour or interests of other political all actors in international politics such
bodies NGOs or international institutions
this form of political power is often is comparable to the second dimension
aggressive and is most effective when and the third dimensions of power as
imposed by one political body upon expounded by Steven Lukes in power: a
anther of lesser military or economic radical view
power the term is now widely used in
it is used in international relations international affairs by analysts and
it is a theory that describes military and statesmen
economic means to influence the the primary currencies of soft power are
behaviour or interests of other political an actor's values, culture, policies and
bodies institutions
the term arose when Joseph Nye coined it is not merely nontraditional forces
soft power as a new and different form such as cultural and commercial goods,
of power in a state's foreign policy as this confuses the resources that may
is most placed in the international produce behaviour with the behaviour
relations discipline of realism, where itself
military power is seen as the expression military force can sometimes contribute
of a state's strength in the international to soft power
community a wellrun military can be a source of
lies at the command end of the spectrum attraction, and military to military
of behaviours and describes a nations cooperation and training programs, for
ability to coerce or induce another example, can establish transnational
nation to perform a course of action networks that enhance a country's soft
the soviet union had a great deal of soft
power in the years after world war 2,
but they destroyed it by the way they
used their hard power against Hungary
and Czechoslovakia, just as American
military actions in the middle east
undercut their soft power
the success of soft power heavily
depends on the actors reputation within

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

A2 Government & Politics 12/10/2012
the international community, as well
the flow of information between actors
soft power is often associated with the
rise of globalisation and neoliberal
international relations theory
popular culture and media is regularly
identified as a source of soft power
soft power is a descriptive rather than a
normative concept
Hitler, Stalin, Mao and bin laden all
possessed a great deal of soft power in
the eyes of their acolytes
is not the solution to all problems
has been criticised as…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

A2 Government & Politics 12/10/2012
In 2008, Nye applied the concepts of hard and soft power to individual leadership in "The powers
to lead".
Soft power has been criticised as being ineffective by authors such as Niall Ferguson in the preface
to Colossus. Neorealist and other rationalist and neorationalist authors (with the exception of
Stephen Walt) would generally disregard soft power since they assume for theoretical purposes that
actors in international relations respond to only two types of incentiveseconomic incentives and
force.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Government & Politics resources:

See all Government & Politics resources »See all resources »