Westphal (Introduction)

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  • Created by: gracetsp
  • Created on: 12-06-13 21:41
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  • The emergence of modern moral philosophy
    • Philosophical Theology - Philosophy of Religion
      • Represented shift in thinking from Hume and Kant to Nietzsche
        • During Enlightenment - philosophical theology lost ground - questions about value of religion rather than religion and God itself
      • Philosophical Theology associated with metaphysics (existence of God/ nature / attriubutes)
        • Philsophy of Religion associated with morality (personal experience and human knowledge)
      • Philsophy of Religion associated with morality (personal experience and human knowledge)
    • Hegel
      • Ironic that we owe a lot to Hegel about this shift even though her fervently argued against it - wanted to rescue philosophical theology by returning philosophy to true mode of religious expression through freedom of the mind
        • "permits us to merely speak of our relation to him" leads to concerns about morality, religious experiences, whether religion is good or bad, its impact on society etc.
          • Philosophical Theology associated with metaphysics (existence of God/ nature / attriubutes)
            • "Absolute Idea" - Hegelian Dialectic
              • Ironic that we owe a lot to Hegel about this shift even though her fervently argued against it - wanted to rescue philosophical theology by returning philosophy to true mode of religious expression through freedom of the mind
                • "permits us to merely speak of our relation to him" leads to concerns about morality, religious experiences, whether religion is good or bad, its impact on society etc.
                  • "Absolute Idea" - Hegelian Dialectic
                    • No longer concerned with Atrributes eg Omnipotence etc.
              • No longer concerned with Atrributes eg Omnipotence etc.
          • Not satisfied with Kants reduction of religion to morality
            • Not satisfied with Schlieirmachers romanticism and "gefuhlen" viewpoint
          • Philosophy of religion has supersceded Philosophical Theology
      • Represented shift in thinking from Hume and Kant to Nietzsche
        • During Enlightenment - philosophical theology lost ground - questions about value of religion rather than religion and God itself

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