Surgery Mindmap

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  • Surgery
    • Prehistoric Surgery
      • Fine and delicate stone tools have been found, often made of flint and obsidian, which show that some surgery was feasible.
      • They would combine basic practical methods like setting broken bones and bandaging with spiritual explanations of illness and cure.
      • Witch doctors,Shamans and 'medicine men' are frequently credited with the ability to both cure and inflict illness.
    • Ancient Egyptian Surgery
      • Priests kept the Books of Thoth', which contained the accepted treatment and spells. Carvings in the temple of Kom Ombo,  c. 100 BC, show a variety of surgical instruments.
      • They could perform simple operations such as tumor from the skin and cataracts from the eye.
      • Egyptians had metal tools which made it easier to perform such surgeries. An Egyptian papyrus written around 1600 BC outlines some simple surgical procedures.
    • Ancient Greek Surgery
      • Greek Medicine was influenced by Egyptians. They had temples of healing called Asclepions.
      • Hippocrates saw the healthy body as being in balance, he thought that illness was an imbalance of the elements. Blood-Spring, Yellow Bile- Summer, Black Bile- Autumn and  Phlegm-Winter.
  • Hippocrates saw the healthy body as being in balance, he thought that illness was an imbalance of the elements. Blood-Spring, Yellow Bile- Summer, Black Bile- Autumn and  Phlegm-Winter.

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