IRA mindmap

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: rhiannon
  • Created on: 11-04-14 14:38
View mindmap
  • The IRA
    • Gerry Adams and Martin McGuinness
      • Charismatic leaders
      • Adams was elected to the Westminster Parliament.
    • Aims
      • To remove British troops from Northern Ireland
      • Defend National communities
      • Reunite Ireland
    • Formed in 1916 to fight in rebellion against British control of Ireland
    • Poverty
      • In Northern Ireland the majority of the recruits came from poorer catholic areas in Belfast and Derry.
      • Unemployment was around 35%-45% in these areas.
    • History
      • The Great Famine in the 1840s.
      • Bloody Sunday - unarmed troops shot by British troops.
      • Easy to recruit young unemployed men - convinced by poverty and lack of opportunity due to the unjust treatment by British government.
    • Strength of the enemy
      • They were against a large, modern army alongside a well-organised police force.
      • The British army was sent to keep peace but they became the target for IRA attack.
    • Injustice
      • The British government wouldn't listen to them and Northern Ireland's own parliament was dominated by unionist politicians.
    • Strenghts of IRA
      • Culture and propoganda
      • Republican prisoners  became propaganda symbols
      • International support
      • Effective leadership and organisation.
    • Actions
      • Main methods were shootings and bombs
      • They were most destructive in the early 1970s
      • Killed may soliders, police and civilians
      • Targeted businesses to disrupt economic life
      • They nearly successfully killed the Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher in October 1984
      • Set off huge bombs in London and Manchester
      • Kidnapping and hostage taking raised funds along with bank robberies
      • Suicide bombs
    • Getting tough
      • Security forces authorised to hold anyone suspected of terrorism without charge or trial
      • This increased support for the IRA
      • Roy Mason became secretary of state for Northern Ireland and he increased the level of British forces.
        • He authorised the use of SAS against them
        • He stopped prisoners being treated as political prisoners
        • Deaths caused by the IRA fell
      • The army, SAS and intelligence service tried to disrupt operations by techniques based on intelligence
      • In 1980s banned British radio and TV broadcasts from allowing any member of the IRA or Sinn Fein to be broadcast.
    • Talk
      • The British government agreed to secret talks in 1970s.
      • Adams convinced they couldn't win. Made most of sympathy from hunger strikes.
      • Sinn Fein was a political party that represented the IRAs wing.
        • Gave the british government an organisation they could talk to - it was criticised for talking to terrorists.
      • In 1993 the British and Irish governments signed the Downing Street declaration.
      • Adams and McGuinness were able to get nearly all Republicans to sign up to a lasting ceasefire (Good Friday agreement).
    • Methods of PIRA
      • Politic al strategies (Sinn Féin) 1980s
        • Hunger strikes in protest against British governments refusal to grant them special prisoner states
      • The 'long war; late 1970s-1990s
      • Ceasefire 1975-1976
      • Use as much force as possible 1969-1975
      • Peace strategy 1998 - Good Friday Agreement
        • Dramatically reduced British influence in northern Ireland helping the catholic community
  • Methods of PIRA
    • Politic al strategies (Sinn Féin) 1980s
      • Hunger strikes in protest against British governments refusal to grant them special prisoner states
    • The 'long war; late 1970s-1990s
    • Ceasefire 1975-1976
    • Use as much force as possible 1969-1975
    • Peace strategy 1998 - Good Friday Agreement
      • Dramatically reduced British influence in northern Ireland helping the catholic community

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all A new world - Terrorism resources »