The PLO mindmap

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  • Created by: rhiannon
  • Created on: 16-04-14 20:43
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  • The PLO
    • Yasser Arafat
      • Charismatic leader
      • 1969
      • Led a similar terrorist organisation called Fatah beforehand
    • Aims
      • Destroy the state of Israel
      • Re-establish Palestine as the home of the Palestinian arabs
      • Make the new Palestine part of the wider Arab, Muslim country
    • Poverty
      • Most recruits came from refugee camps which were set up when over a million Palestinians left
    • Injustice
      • Palestinians lost what they saw as their land
      • This forced them to live in refugee camps in densely populated areas
      • Israeli settlements were established on their land in the 1970s which the government didn't stop
    • History
      • Israeli forces attacked the PLO's bases in Lebanon and drove them out in 1982
      • Christian fighters entered the Palestinian refugee camps and performed a massacre killing over 1000 Palestinians
    • Strength of the Enemy
      • PLO had support from many Arab states
      • It faced a powerful army in the Middle East supplied by the USA
    • Strengths of PLO
      • Charismatic leader
      • Secure bases in Lebanon
      • Powerful base of support
      • Finances
      • Palestinian "state within a state"
      • Culture and propaganda
    • Getting tough
      • Israel launched an invasion of Lebanon to destroy PLO's bases
      • Around 19,000 civilians killed
      • Intifada - large scale uprising on the Gaza strip and West bank in 1987
      • Government used commando raids to target leaders and military force
      • Invaded different countries
      • Added checkpoints and curfews
      • Stropped education
      • Israeli troops used tear gas, rubber bullets and live round
      • USA wanted a confession from Arafat to accept that Israel had the right to exist
      • Arafat needed USA support - only state Israel listened to
    • Resorting to terrorism
      • Religion
      • Undisputed lad
      • Nationalism
      • Protection of the weak
    • Talk
      • Arafat expressed his support of Saddam Hussein - bitter opponent of Israel
      • George Bush Senior was keen to establish a peace process in the Middle East
      • A Palestinian authority was set up to control aspects of daily life in Gaza and Jericho
      • Israel promised to withdraw troops from the region but remained to protect Jewish settlers
  • This forced them to live in refugee camps in densely populated areas
  • Israel launched an invasion of Lebanon to destroy PLO's bases

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