Soul, mind and body

  • Created by: ibby0
  • Created on: 07-01-19 18:36
View mindmap
  • Soul, mind and body
    • Descartes (Substance dualism)
      • Cogito ergo sum -  body and senses unreliable
      • Interacted through pineal gland and tubes carrying pure gases in body
        • Functions now known
      • Mind = non-spatial,  conscious
    • Materialism
      • Reductive/ biological
        • Dawkins
          • Soul 1 - élan vital
          • Soul 2 - Mind
            • Explicable by science
              • Churchland
              • Chalmers - Hard problem
        • Dennet
        • mental events caused by physical events in  brain.
          • Epiphen- 2nd
      • Emergent-ism
        • CD Broad
        • Properties - mind arises from the physical but irreducible
          • Bee hives/ Ant colonies
      • Gilbert Ryle
        • Criticised dualism
          • "Ghost in the machine"
    • Ancient
      • Plato
        • Tripartite - reason, appetite, spirit
          • Charioteer
        • Soul preexisted in realm of forms
          • Allows us to recognise forms (knowledge)
          • Body distracts, Death = Liberation
          • Unchanging/ immortal
      • Aristotle
        • Monist - soul and body inseparable
          • Wax imprint
          • Eye
          • Soul = FORMAL cause of body
            • raison d'être
        • Nested hierarchy (Veg up)
    • Idealism
      • Reality is purely  mental/immaterial
      • Berkley
        • Doubted sense experience

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all Philosophy resources »