Sin and Forgiveness: The Church

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  • The Church
    • the four marks of the Church
      • holy
        • Jesus is the source of all holiness
        • the Church is holy through its teaching, prayer, worship and work
        • it does not mean that there are no sinners, but recognises that we are not perfect yet are taught to repent and seek God's forgiveness
      • one
        • Catholics are united in their beliefs
        • one pope, seven sacraments etc
      • catholic
        • Jesus gives the Church everything it needs for people to be saved
      • apostolic
        • Jesus founded the Church and gave authority to his apostles
        • the special authority went to St Peter, the first pope and this has been handed down to the pope and bishops today
    • the Body of Christ
      • the Church is described as the Body of Christ in both the Catechism and the New Testament
      • when God became incarnate (Jesus), he showed his love in the things he said and did
      • because the Church lives on as the Body as Christ, this means that Jesus' work did not end after the ascension
      • each individual has a role as important as another's
      • 'I have no body on earth now except yours.'
    • Church
      • Church with a capital 'C' refers to the group of people gathered together
      • church with a lower case 'c' refers to the building
    • Mary
      • Mary is described as a model of the Church, this means that Mary demonstrated/modelled what it is to be a Christian
      • Charity - she gave her whole life to God and showed kindness and compassion
      • Discipleship - she spent her whole life dedicated to Jesus; she accepted the role of his mother joyfully and willingly; this is the way Catholics should serve God
      • Faith - she never once questioned God or Jesus; she did not desert her son as she followed him to the cross
      • Mary acts as a mediator between humanity and God and Catholics ask her to intercede for them; the Hail Mary is a significant prayer
      • Mary is special because without her there would be no incarnation, no Jesus and therefore no salvation; she prompted Jesus to perform his first miracle
    • architecture
      • the altar
        • where the Liturgy of the Eucharist takes place; references to the stone table of sacrifice; Jesus' body and blood was the final sacrifice; reference to the Last Supper
        • the Eucharist is the most important part of the Mass, so where this takes place is important
      • the Baptismal Font
        • where Baptisms are performed; it is a sign of cleansing Original Sin and living a life faithful to Jesus
        • following Jesus leads to salvation
      • the crucifix
        • above the altar; reminds us of the suffering and death of Jesus
      • the confessional
        • where the sacrament of reconciliation takes place
        • the priest will absolve people of their sins
      • modern churches
        • since Vatican II, the priest faces the congregation and the service takes place in the language of the counrty
  • Church
    • Church with a capital 'C' refers to the group of people gathered together
    • church with a lower case 'c' refers to the building


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