S&P L7-9 (SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC INEQUALITIES)

  • Created by: Hadley023
  • Created on: 18-03-19 12:18
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  • Methods to tackle social and economic inequalities
    • Taxation
      • Income tax is used to redistribute wealth.
      • Most governments have a progressive tax system where the more you earn, the more you pay.
      • Essential items such as food may be tax exempt which benefits the poorer groups who spend more on food.
    • Subsidies
      • Given to poorer groups.
      • Children from poor families may get free school meals, clothing allowances, help with university fees.
      • Pensioners may get subsidies for heating, bus faces, TV licence.
      • Free childcare for single parents, low wage earners, unemployed, disabled may get benefits.
    • Planning
      • Priority given to upgrading housing and services in the poorest areas.
      • Often organised geographically and targeted at the most deprived areas which vary from a neighborhood to entire regions.
    • Law
      • Legislation exists to outlaw discrimination on racial, ethnic, gender, age and disability and gives equal opportunities to all people.
      • Poorest workers are protected by minimum age legislation.
    • Education
      • Funding and training given to people to upgrade skills and raise qualifications, improve employment prospects and boost economic growth.
      • Education programmes can also be designed to improve health and are often targeted to the poorest groups in society.

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