Italian Unification Key turning points 1859-70

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  • Key turning points 1859-70
    • War with Austria & Villafranca 1859
      • French support needed
      • Cavour very unhappy with agreement
    • 1861 Garibaldi conquers Naples & Sicily
      • Led by Italians
      • Kingdom of Italy - Victor Emmanuel II is king.
      • South probably wouldn't have been united if not for Garibaldi
    • 1860 Plebicites held in Emilia & Tuscany
      • Showed Piedmont expansion.
      • Central States wanted unification
    • 1870 France defeated by Prussia - Rome added
      • Completes process
        • Adds capital city
        • Reduces Papal Power
        • Removes foreign influence
    • 1858 Plombieres agreement & declaration war
      • Gained essential foreign support
    • 1866 Austria defeated by Prussia - Venetia given to Italy.
      • France given Venetia to pass to Italy.
      • Italy defeated in battle - needed Prussian support
  • Cavour very unhappy with agreement
  • War with Austria decided
    • 1858 Plombieres agreement & declaration war
      • Gained essential foreign support
  • Removal of last Austrian influence
    • 1866 Austria defeated by Prussia - Venetia given to Italy.
      • France given Venetia to pass to Italy.
      • Italy defeated in battle - needed Prussian support

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