Religion and Morality

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  • Religion is not the source of Morals
    • Euthyphro Dilemma
      • The Euthyphro Dilemma attempts to demonstrate that the DCT shows that God is not worthy of worship
      • "Is what is moral loved by the Gods because it is moral or is it moral because it is loved?"
        • is it moral because it is loved? - this also diminishes God as he makes arbitrary decisions
        • Is what is moral loved by the Gods because it is moral? - This diminishes God as he is acting as a messenger boy
      • Other philosophers quotes
        • A.J Ayer, "no morality can be founded on Authority, even if that authority is divine"
        • Leibniz, "For why praise him if he would be equally praised for doing the contrary"
      • Ways forward
        • J.L Mackie, "Moral truths exist independently but are the product of the creative will of God"
          • If they are dependant why do we need God anymore? Also still arbitrary decisions
        • Rachels, "A leader might command something but the follower only performs the action, not because he is ordered to but because it is right in itself"
          • Why do we need God?
        • If someone has to decide on the rules surely an omnipotent, omniscient, benevolent being is the best person to do it?
        • We could argue that God does not require us to abandon moral autonomy, sometimes he may want us to work it out for ourselves
          • If can work it out ourselves why do we need God?
    • Examples of Immoral Acts
      • Intolerant
      • Inquisition
      • Won't allow Abortions
      • The Crusades
      • Obsessed with Sin
      • 9/11
      • Interferes with rational education
      • Northern Ireland
    • Philosophers quotes
      • Hume,"The errors in religion are dangerous: those in philosophy only ridiculous"
      • Russell, "the Christian religion is... the principle enemy of moral progress in the world"
      • Lucretius, "such evil deeds religion provokes"
    • Reasons Against
      • Religious moral teaching come from secular values, not the other way round
      • Resisting moral changing the name of religion can prevent moral progress
      • Is doing good with hope of getting a reward or avoiding a punishment really being good?
      • Society only appeals to religious morality in times of crisis
      • The demands of religious morality are sometimes counter-intuitive
      • Moral teachings taken from scared books are culturally relative and era dependant
  • Reasons Against
    • Religious moral teaching come from secular values, not the other way round
    • Resisting moral changing the name of religion can prevent moral progress
    • Is doing good with hope of getting a reward or avoiding a punishment really being good?
    • Society only appeals to religious morality in times of crisis
    • The demands of religious morality are sometimes counter-intuitive
    • Moral teachings taken from scared books are culturally relative and era dependant

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