Religion and Morality
Autonomous: morality is completely independent of religion.
Support: it is wrong to link fear with punishment (e.g. hell) people arern't moral because they don't want to go to hell.
Support:cultural relativism - religious morality is often fixed, different religions; hard to set one moral code based on religion.
Heteronomy: morality is shaped by religious teachings.
Support:situation ethics; we apply agape love - influenced by religion.
Support: in a secular society there is "an eye for an eye" etc. can't have complete autonomy -> influence over moral decisions.
Theonomy: morality and religion are one in the same. God is the moral authority: not us.
Christian Ethics Model
- ABSOLUTE: Divine Command Theory
- RATIONALISTIC: Closer to absolute, natural law/kantian ethics
- RELATIVE: situation ethics
The Divine Command Theory (Ethical…