Psychology unit 2 stress

still working on it. Last minute revision for me haha

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  • Created by: Courtney
  • Created on: 29-05-13 15:04
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  • Life events
    • Holmes and Rahe
      • Claimed if a score was over 150 over 12 months there was a 30% increase in stress related illness
        • Over 300=80%
        • Qualitative
      • Out dated
    • Rahe et al
      • Gave SRRS to 2500 US navy soldiers before their tour of duty
        • Life events during past 6 months noted
          • Have to remember, may forget something
          • illness recorded during 7 month tour of duty
            • Soldiers may not have noted illness
        • All in similar conditions
        • Soldiers with a higher LCU had more illness
  • Noticed illness followed a major life event
    • Holmes and Rahe
      • Claimed if a score was over 150 over 12 months there was a 30% increase in stress related illness
        • Over 300=80%
        • Qualitative
      • Out dated
    • Examined 5000 people
      • Found a large number of them had a recent life event
  • Top=death of spouse (LCU=100)
    • Asked 394 people to rate them upto 100 based on the impact they'd have
      • Lowest=minor violation of law (LCU=11)
      • Middle=Marriage (LCU=50)
      • Not all people react to life changes in the same way
  • Population validity low becase all US and male
    • Gave SRRS to 2500 US navy soldiers before their tour of duty
      • Life events during past 6 months noted
        • Have to remember, may forget something
        • illness recorded during 7 month tour of duty
          • Soldiers may not have noted illness
      • All in similar conditions
      • Soldiers with a higher LCU had more illness
  • Correlation of 0.118
    • Correlational study, no cause or effect
  • Daily hassles&uplifts
    • Stress
      • Life events
        • Rahe et al
        • Accumilation effect
          • Persistent minor hassles build up over time
        • Amplication effect
          • stressful effects amplify trivial events
        • Action theory
        • Work
          • Johansson et al
            • Sweedish saw mill workers
              • Loud dusty conditions
                • isolated
              • has to work fast
              • More adrenaline
              • More days off
            • Cleaners
              • Could talk and work at their own pace
                • low adrenaline levels
                • Less days off
            • population validity low as all participants were swedish
            • Natural conditions
          • Marmot et al
            • Studied 7372 civil servants age 35-55
              • over 5 years=longitudinal
              • paricipants completed a questionare about how much control in their job they had and their lifestyle
                • found that higher grade personnel had less cardiovascular problems
                • Lowest grade were 1.5 more likely to have signs of CHD
                • Self report, social desirability
                • main cause of stress identified
              • low population validity, all civil servants age 35-55
            • Lack of control can cause stress
        • Personality
          • Type A/B
            • Friedman and Rosenman
              • Noticed similarity in personalities of patients who suffered from stress related illness
              • Studied 3200 californian males over 8 years
                • Population validity
                • All healthy at the start
                  • Went through structured interviews to find perosnality type
                    • Social desirability
                    • 257 participants developed heart problems
                      • 70% were identified as type A
            • A
              • hurried
              • Impatient
            • B
              • Patient
          • Hardiness
            • Kobasa
              • 600 buisness executives
                • Population validity
                • SRRS and a questionare on illness over the last three years
      • Delongis et al
        • HSUP scale
      • Gervais studied nurses
        • Negatives affected their job performance
        • Positives offset negatives, improved performance
        • nurses=popilation validity poor
      • Stufies show this is a bigger case of stress than life events
      • more flexable than SRRS
      • retrospective data is only as accurate as paricipants memories
    • Daily hassles cause us to spend exta energy to get to original goal
      • Action theory
    • Able to relax
      • B
        • Patient

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