Addiction introduction

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  • Created by: Izzy
  • Created on: 19-11-15 11:22
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  • Addictive Behaviour
    • Addiction has been around for centuries, but has become major social problem in the last 50 years.
    • Addiction not only effects individuals and families, but are the basis of criminal industry and are source of anti-social behaviour.
    • Legal drugs (eg. nicotine, alcohol) can lead to addiction. Have large social and health costs
    • People can become addicted to other behaviours, such as gambling.
    • WHO (1957):  Addiction is a state of periodic or chronic intoxication produced by the repeated consumption of a drug, natural or synthetic
      • However, a number of behaviours many be seen as addictive. eg. gambling, sex, over-eating.
    • Morlatt et al (1988):            Definition that reflects broader concepts of addictive behaviour.
      • A repetitive habit that increases the risk of disease and/or associated personal and social problems.
      • Addictive behaviour is often experienced subjectively as 'loss of control'. The behaviour continues to occur despite attempts to abstain or moderate use.
      • These habit patterns are typically characterised by immediate gratification.
      • Attempts to change an addictive behaviour are typically marked with a high relapse rate
    • Addiction provides a powerful and rapid means of changing mood and sensations.
    • Smoking
      • 'Substance related disorder'
    • Gambling
      • Does not involve a substance. Classifies in DSM as 'impulse control disorder'


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