Migration, refugees and tourists

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  • Migrants, refugees and tourists
    • Migration (1)
      • Schiller: migrants often live their lives in more than one nation state at the same time and simultaneously part of a group oflands
        • They move for education, employment or a better quality of life
      • Social and cultural impact on local population
        • Tensions over jobs/national health and social care (e.g. the EU and UKIP's rising popularity)
          • The rise of ethnic conflicts
        • Providing employment that is needed (similar to Australia's requirement based entry system)
        • Local population is faced with new religions, values and foods
      • Consequences for migrants
        • Ballard found that there would changes in kinship structures
        • Culutre freeze as ethnic groups enclave themselves - a home away from home
        • Gidden's found that some may mix cultheir cultures with things they like andd discard those they don't
        • Deterritorialisation - whereculutral norms transend boundires despite a world in motion
        • Localisation - can the setteling area of the migrants be affected by others?
    • Tourism
      • Impacts of tourism on host countries
        • Positives
          • Gives jobs
          • It enables ethnic minorities to profit from their culture (Comaroff)
          • It encourages national pride and unity
        • Negative
          • Raises cost in the area
          • Causes strain on resources and more pollution
          • It creates seaonal jobs which have peaks and troughs of economic benefit
    • Refugees
      • The Kurds, Syrians and Tutsi have been major ethnic groups who have become refugee's due to recent conflicts
      • Disapora's, the movement of large groups of people, is important
        • L.Cho: Are collectivists and communities who are not quite race or nation but together extend across geographical spaces and historical experiences
      • The Hutu and Tutsis conflict was fueled by French colonisers, over million people died in genocides within Rwanda
        • Over 500,000 Tutsi's were forced to flee
    • Migration (2)
      • May face issues with identity as their culture is deterritoralisied and then the global culture (hemgongy of the Western culture) reterritorialises them
        • Political issues (gender, racism, decriminalization) and economic issues (deprivation, dependency, remittance and GDP)
      • Impact on host countries/communities
      • Being transnational, migrants may face problems with a new way of life. They have to adpot new working practices, ethics, inequality, hierachies, etc)


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