Meta Ethics revision-> Definitions Mindmap

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  • Created by: Psycheart
  • Created on: 28-11-16 09:24
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  • Meta- Ethics
    • Emotivism
      • They have no actual factual significance or meaning 'Boo-hurrah'.
      • E.g. saying 'war is good' or 'abortion is bad' we aren't saying anything significant- evincing approval or disapproval.
    • Intuitionism
      • Good can't be defined with reference to the world or empirical experience.
      • Goodness is a tool to describe an object or action, but can't be discovered in it.
      • Any attempt to define ethical statements solely in terms of statements about the natural world  commits a naturalistic fallacy.
      • Ethical statements can't be proved like non-ethical ones, but we can recognise good with intuition ( a moral sense that's based on experience rather than inference.
    • Non-Cognitism
      • Can be no ethical knowledge, because ethical language and statements give no facts- so must not be meaningful as not subject to truth or falsity.
        • Expressions of emotion and prescriptive recommendations.
    • Prescriptivism
      • All ethical statements are prescriptive, universal, and logically consistent.
      • They don't just express an individuals opinion or emotion, but they suggest that people in similar circumstances should do the same (UNIVERSALISED)
    • Cognitivism
      • Cognitivism:  Moral knowledge is possible. ethical statements can be meaningful because they can be proved true or false as they have a factual basis.
    • Ethical Non-Naturalism
      • The belief that ethical sentences express propositions and that some such propositions can be described and validated as true with reference to some objective part of the world independent of human opinion.
      • Relies on empirical evidence to prove a statement true or false.
      • All statements, ethical or unethical, are factual and can be verified or falsified through external verification.
      • In contrast to ethical naturalism, believes that issues of morality AREN'T reducible to non-moral features.
    • Ethical Naturalism
      • Goodness exists and can be described and validated as true with reference to an objective part of the world independant of human opinions.
      • Moral features can be reduced to non-moral  features.
    • Meta ethics is: The area of ethics that deals with what statements/ ethical language means

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