A2 meta-ethics revision notes


Meta-Ethics -> the language of ethics, description of behaviour

cognitive -> moral statements are factual statements (it can be shown to be true or false. EG-stealing)

non-cognitive -> moral statements are nonfactual statements (opinion based) EG. in my culture murder is wrong, could not be for everyone.

Cognitive theories:

Ethical naturalism -> ethical statements are the same as non-ethical statements. they can be verified or falsified (can show right or wrong) EG. adultery can bring hapiness outside the marriage or can break down a marriage.

Criticism -> G. Moore (who is actually a cognitivist)- naturalistic fallacy, "cannot derive an ought from an is". You cannot get values from facts.

Intutionism -> G. Moore states that good cannot be defined (we all know that it is a fact, we know this by our intuition, but we cannot define it) EG. a person


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