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Cognitive Theories

What is the role of language in cognitive theories?

Cognitivists believe that moral statements in some way describe the world. For
example, abortion is wrong has given abortion the property of wrongness. This moral
statement is objectively true or false.
We all have moral…

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We can recognise when something is good, we know `good' when we see it.
He explained this by saying- trying to define `good' is like trying to describe the colour
yellow you cannot define yellow simply through works but via example.

What is intuitionism, according to…

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Non-Cognitive Theories

What is Logical Positivism?

Any truth claim must be tested by sense experience-> verification principle-> since
ethical statements cannot be tested by sense experience, they are not genuine truth claims
and therefore can only express feelings.
Ayer stated that there were only two types…

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What is Prescriptivism, according to R. M. Hare?

Hare took a silly different angle to ethical language. Argued that ethical language is
prescriptive, states what ought to be done, and are moral be has they are universal. Ethical
statements do not state facts and are not…

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