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Deontology ­ Immanuel Kant

Duty and prescriptive ethics
o The term `deontological' is derived from the Greek word deon,
meaning `duty'
o So, deontological systems are concerned with describing our moral
duties
o By contrast with consequentialist systems, deontology is concerned
with the intrinsic properties of actions ­ whether they…

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Moral Law
o "Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and
awe... the starry heavens above me and the moral law within me"
o Kant's moral law is objective ­ its rules are real and binding
o The logical definition he applied to moral statements was…

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"So act that you treat humanity, both in your own person and in
the person of every other human being, never merely as
means, but always at the same time as an end" ­Kant (1785)
Others cannot be used to achieve anything
This means that everyone must be treated fairly…

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Justice for Kant would always be safeguarded for individuals,
who are always "ends in themselves". He avoids the Utilitarian
flaw of allowing the minority to suffer for the benefit of the
majority
Kant's appeal to reason and universal values is sane and
constructive. Surely it is best if we can…

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