Meta-ethics (definitions)

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  • Created by: Abena
  • Created on: 14-03-13 09:32
Normative ethics
a term used to describe different moral codes of behavior; rules by which we make moral decisions (e.g. utilitarianism, Natural moral law, Kantian ethics, Virtue ethics)
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Meta-ethics
The analysis of ethical language
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Naturalistic fallacy
the claim that good cannot be defined (G.E. Moore:to claim that moral statements can be verified or falsified using evidence is to commit the naturalistic fallacy; based on David Hume's: derive an 'ought' from an 'is' is logically impossible
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Analytic statement
statements which are true by definition
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Synthetic statement
statements that may be true or false and can be tested are meaningful
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Logical Postivism
the view that only things which can be tested are meaningful
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empirical evidence
information that is gained via senses
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Card 2

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The analysis of ethical language

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Meta-ethics

Card 3

Front

the claim that good cannot be defined (G.E. Moore:to claim that moral statements can be verified or falsified using evidence is to commit the naturalistic fallacy; based on David Hume's: derive an 'ought' from an 'is' is logically impossible

Back

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Card 4

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statements which are true by definition

Back

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Card 5

Front

statements that may be true or false and can be tested are meaningful

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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