Los Angeles - suburbanisation

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  • Created by: Revisiola
  • Created on: 30-06-16 23:14
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  • Los Angeles-suburbanisation
    • Causes
      • Transport
        • 20th century air travel
          • 2010-6th busiest airport in the world
        • transcontinental railway from the east in 1876 simulated population growth
          • half a million people arrived within 40 years
      • Employment
        • manufacturing industries such as ford and the discovery of oil
        • aircraft industry took advantage of the weather for civil and military test flights
      • Image
        • film industry in the 1920s and 30s created a nice image for LA
          • 1960 -tourism in the film industry (Disneyland and universal studios)
            • created further employment
    • Environmental  effects
      • Urban smog
        • 10 million car owners create smog
        • high pressure systems over LA, create dense cold air above. The cold dense air sits in the urban basin and traps pollution abouve LA.
          • the still conditions allow smog build up, creating health hazards (asthma)
        • Poor public transport results in high car ownership
          • in 2005, only 10.2% of commuters in LA used public transport , compared to over 40% in London
    • Social effects
      • segregation
        • ethnic enclaves
          • communities  of people with similar cultural/ ethnic backgrounds
      • Leo Politi , primary school - 92% of students are of Hispanic origin
    • Pull factors
      • electric trams in the 1920s and 30s meant that people could live further away
      • motorways spread across the city, and petrol prices were low before the 1980s (under a dollar per gallon)
    • Urban push factors
      • poor schools and services
      • Declining jobs
      • fears for safety
      • high and rent
    • Donut' city
      • long-establishes car,tyre and steel factories shut down due to competition from overseas -most were located in the inner suburbs
      • businesses moved to the suburbs due to lower land prices and more space
      • middle/high income earners moved to the suburbs and large retail malls followed them,- people didn't have a need to travel to the city
    • Problems facing LA
      • Water- water has to travel 350km to LA, up to 50% of water evaporated before it reaches to LA
      • Waste- 24 million people produce 50 000  tonnes of waste every day
        • A recycling scheme now offers a 25 cent refund for any liquid container,this has dramatically increased recycling
      • Energy- heatwave temperatures (up to 45 degrees Celsius)  caused power black outs ,when power stations were unable to cope with power demands for air conditioning

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