World Cities Case Studies

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  • Created by: TomT254
  • Created on: 08-02-16 13:25
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  • World Cities Cases Studies
    • Urbanisation
      • Mumbai - Rapid Urbanisation
        • Population of Mumbai increased rapidly from 5.9 million in 1971 to 12.5 million in 2011
        • Increased population and lack of housing led to slums being built (DHARAVI)
        • Impacts
          • Increasing population means more waste which is often burnt causing air pollution
          • Road network in Mumbai cant cope with the millions of people each day, leads to congestion and pollution
        • Managment
          • Slum sanitation program started in 1995 and built 330 new toilet blocks
          • Public transport is being upgraded to help deal with transport issues
      • This is the increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas
    • Suburbanisation
      • This is the movement of people from city centres to the outskirts
      • Los Angeles
        • Home too 24 million people
        • Has attracted millions of people to California
        • Causes
          • Transport
            • Transcontinental railway stimulated massive population growth
            • Electric Tramways meant that people could live further away from their work
          • Employment
            • Area has good weather so the aircraft industry run test flights there
            • Ford car plant opened there creating hundreds of jobs
          • Image
            • Glamorous image created by the film industry
            • Theme parks brought tourism to the area (Disneyland)
        • Impacts
          • Doughnut City
            • Bussiness move out of the CBD and too the suburbs, following the workforce
            • Land is cheaper out in the Suburbs
          • Congestion
            • 10 million car owners create congestion on LA's freeways
            • Pollution - Urban smog covers the area above the city trapping In the poolution
          • Water
            • Water is pumped to LA from 350km away
            • Up to 50% of water is lost through evapouration before it gets to the city
    • Counter-Urbanisation
      • The movement of people from urban areas to rural areas
      • St Ives
        • 70 Miles north of London
        • In 1961 its pop was just 3800 whereas in 2010 it was 16,400
        • Good road and rail access to London and Cambridge - Commutable
        • Impacts
          • Congestion on main roads in and out of St Ives, especially during rush hour
          • House prices rose dramatically in 10 years making it hard for the local pop to afford the houses there
          • Changed population structure from ageing pop to younger families - pressures on schools and amenities
        • Managment
          • 200 new homes were built - 75 of which were aimed at people on lower incomes
          • Plans to expand primary schools and add another 240 places
          • New public transport network got the go ahead - reduce congestion
    • Re-Urbanisation
      • The movement of people back into urban areas
      • London Docklands
        • Background
          • In the 19th century used to be a busy dock that was globally important
          • 1960's onwards the docks began to decline due to changes in the shipping industry (containerisation)
          • 1980's docklands was derelict. 150,000 people had lost their jobs and 20% of housing was not suitable for living in
          • LDDC (London Docklands Development Corporation) set up in 1981 to redevelop the area
        • Management
          • LDDC planned to make the London Docklands the new economic hub of London
          • Transport
            • DLR (Docklands Light Railway) opened in 1987
          • Housing
          • Environment
            • Docklands were refurbished, providing a pleasant environment for the local residents
        • Re-development of Docklands caused Re-urbanisation since 1980 the population has doubled
        • Negative impacts
          • Area has become gentrified due to young professionals living and working in the area
          • Conflict between locals and newcomers
            • Area has become gentrified due to young professionals living and working in the area
          • Original residents unable to find work in new businesses
    • Urban Regeneration
      • Partnership Schemes
        • Involve local councils working with businesses to regenerate an area
        • Schemes try to improve economy and environment
      • Hulme - CCP
        • in the early 20th century Hulme provided housing for people working in large industries
        • Suffered from overcrowding and many people lived in poor conditions
        • Whole area was redeveloped in the 1960s and main focus was on housing
        • New tower blocks that were created suffered from high crime rates and the housing was poor quality
        • 1992 Hulme CCP was formed by manchester local council and private businesses, a £37 million regeneration package was established
          • Tower Blocks were demolished and new housing was built. Mixture of council and private owned
          • Main shopping area was refurbished to include a wide range of shops
          • Zion community centre was built that included a creche
          • Birley Fields Business park was built half kept as urban parkland and other half created into big office blocks home to big companies
        • Successful ?
          • 1992 Hulme CCP was formed by manchester local council and private businesses, a £37 million regeneration package was established
            • Tower Blocks were demolished and new housing was built. Mixture of council and private owned
            • Main shopping area was refurbished to include a wide range of shops
            • Zion community centre was built that included a creche
            • Birley Fields Business park was built half kept as urban parkland and other half created into big office blocks home to big companies
          • New housing services made Hulme a much more attractive place to live
          • Population grew by 3.3% between 1992 and 2002
          • Lots of jobs created at Birley Fields offices and moss side sports centre

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