Freud and aggression

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  • Freud and aggression
    • Reasons for aggression- Freud
      • Aggression from the jealousy of a boy felt towards his father for getting  in the way of his mother.
        • The case of Little Hans; showed aggression when issues around his mother & his feelings for his mother were discussed.
      • Fromm (1973): benign & destructive aggression. Former; response to environment & natural response. threat- aggression, but when threat disappeared- aggression- pass. Latter; to achieve sb's own goals
      • Catharsis: unconscious thoughts/ memories brought into conscious mind- bringing/ releasing emotions e.g. aggression with them.
        • Catharsis; way of venting aggression. e.g. watching aggression on TV/ in real-life; relating feelings of aggression.
          • Aggressive sports/ 'permitted ways of releasing aggression; cathartic.
          • Catharsis; releasing emotions e.g. anger rather than physical stress. Freud's theory focusses on emotions, thoughts and anger & aggression-internal.
      • Aggression linked to super ego; child unconsciously feels  aggression towards parents- prevent things that give child pleasure. Child respects parents, so redirects ag. to superego
        • Aggressive part of desire turns into guilt as it's caught up in superego.
          • Death instinct- not visible, though does when- outward manifestation in form of aggression.
    • Main drives; the libido, sex drive & self-preservation.
      • The ego (preserves the self & responds to these drives, while balancing the super ego's demands too) represses thoughts- unacceptable into unconscious
        • Those thoughts can leak out in dreams, defence mechanisms e.g. displacement/free association
    • Freud's ideas and neuroscience
      • Limbic system; where emotions housed, e.g. aggression. Prefrontal cortex; where planning & decision making take place. L.S.; emotions in conscious mind. PC.; analytical part of conscious mind.
        • Neuro-psychoanalysis; emotional aspects of mind linked to right hemisphere, L.S. & analytic verbal processing linked to left hemisphere. Unconscious -brain stem; the deepest part of the mind. Superego; left frontal lobe. Id; unknown deep part of brain.
    • Evaluation

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