'Examine the impact of modern technology on the development process'

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  • 'Examine the Impact Of Modern Technology On the Development Process'
    • Politically
      • creating backbone for political upheaval
        • mobile phones in Kenya
          • improved communications improves ability to organise protests
            • Kabiera (slum outside Nairobi): people protest when bulldozers come to destroy their homes
              • people gain power: important for movement towards democracy & fighting corruption
                • increases quality of life
          • access to the internet in LEDCs means access to knowledge about rights
            • can use to demand their rights
        • Question box/one laptop per child
          • access to the internet in LEDCs means access to knowledge about rights
            • can use to demand their rights
        • causes conflict and death of civilians in the short term but increases rights in the long term
          • decrease in quality of life in the short term
      • improved communications improves ability to organise protests
        • Kabiera (slum outside Nairobi): people protest when bulldozers come to destroy their homes
          • people gain power: important for movement towards democracy & fighting corruption
            • increases quality of life
      • however! potential to be radicalised on the internet
        • can create increased extremism if local people are in poverty and angry
        • do we have a right to limit what people use the internet for?
    • Socially
      • improves worldwide education
        • Question Box (Uganda & India)
          • students access knowledge for improving education (schools have no books)
            • improves quality of life through education and better qualified/paid jobs
          • people can diagnose/find out how to treat illnesses/call ambulances through the box
            • key to development bc decreased death rates, lowers birth rates (DTM), dependency ratios decrease & economic growth
              • improves quality of life by decreasing over-population
          • gendered spaces in India, girls are denied access to the box
            • issue because prevents women becoming productive members of society and participating in development
              • reduces quality of life
      • improves health
        • medicines increase well-being by reducing disease
          • key to development bc decreased death rates, lowers birth rates (DTM), dependency ratios decrease & economic growth
            • improves quality of life by decreasing over-population
        • people can diagnose/find out how to treat illnesses/call ambulances through the box
        • creates inequality
          • gendered spaces in India, girls are denied access to the box
            • issue because prevents women becoming productive members of society and participating in development
              • reduces quality of life
          • Mobile Phones in Kenya
            • if married women are found to be getting messages from men it puts them at risk
              • violence etc. bc men not used to women being empowered
            • again may be only men have access to technology (2/3 phones in Kenya owned by men)
          • increases community well-being and empowerment
        • Economically
          • aids economic development by increasing capacity
            • micro-hydro (Nepal, Peru etc)
              • electricity makes households more productive bc things take less time
                • quality of life improves bc families can generate more income
          • increases income of farmers
            • Mobile phones in Kenya
              • can research crop prices and contact other buyers to sell crops to
                • farmers have power to refuse sales bc they have a choice
                  • increases income, more disposable income to spend on goods and services
                    • increases quality of life
              • sets up mobile banking (M-PESA)
                • creates financial system where there was previously none
                  • does not comply with Rostow -skips industrialisation stage (pre-conditions and take-off)
                  • Enables investment and TNCs, easy transfer of money
                    • to allow TNCs to come in to provide higher pay jobs
              • concerns of loss of culture but even the Masai use them
          • sets up mobile banking (M-PESA)
            • creates financial system where there was previously none
              • does not comply with Rostow -skips industrialisation stage (pre-conditions and take-off)
              • Enables investment and TNCs, easy transfer of money
                • to allow TNCs to come in to provide higher pay jobs
        • intro
          • technology is the adaptation of humans to the environment by modifying it to meet their needs
          • development is improving quality of life
            • traditional models say industrialisation is necessary for development (provides technology)
              • Rostow's model: move from traditional society, through industrialistion into 'developed' economies with high consumption
              • technology is necessary for industrialisation
          • traditional models say industrialisation is necessary for development (provides technology)
            • Rostow's model: move from traditional society, through industrialistion into 'developed' economies with high consumption
            • technology is necessary for industrialisation

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