diet mindmap

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  • Diet
    • 7 Nuntrients
      • Vitamins
        • Keeps the body healthy, regulates it and helps growth and repair of tissue
          • Vitamin C in fruits and vitamin D in liver snf butter
      • Proteins
        • Growth and repair of muscles, needed to build cells and repair damadged tissue
          • Meat, fish,eggs
      • Minerals
        • Produces red blood cells and strenghthens bones and muscles
          • Iron prodces red blood cells
      • Fats
        • Secondary source of energy and keeps us warm
          • Biscuits, chocolate
      • Water/fluid
        • Avoids becoming dehydrated
          • Juice,water, isotonic drinks
      • Carbohydrates
        • Primary source of energy and provides slow release of energy
          • Bread rice pasta
      • Fibres
        • Adds bulk to food, helps it move through the digestive system and slows the release of energy
          • Seeds,fruit nuts, cereal
    • Basal metabloic rate
      • The minimum rate of energy required to keep all of the life processes of the body ?maintained when it is at rest
    • Carbo-loading
      • Keeps glycogen stores in liver and muscle as full as possible
      • When an athlete eats starch and energy rich foods 3-4 days before the race
        • Pasta party
      • Used before endurance events that last longer than 60 mins due to the slow release of energy
      • It gives the athlete more energy, it delays fatigue in later stges of the race to maintain performance level
    • Anorexia
      • A mental illnes having a distorted body image and becoming dangerously thin
    • Obesity
      • Having more than 30% over your ideal body weight
    • Energy equation
      • Basal metabloic rate+working energy=total energy
    • High protein diet
      • Eating extra protein to encourage growth and repair of muscle tissue
    • Balanced diet= all nutrients in right proportion
    • Overweight
      • Having weight in excess of normal energy input exceeds energy output. its accompanied with overfatnees.
    • Overfat
      • Too much body composition as fat.
        • men=19% women=26% as total body composition as fat
    • Factors affecting total energy needs
      • Age
        • Adults eat less comapred to children who are still growing
      • Lifestyle
        • Jobs depend on the food you eat
      • Size and gender
        • The bigger you are the more food you require
      • Basal metabolic rate


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