Unit 2- Education: Cultural deprivation mind map

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  • Created by: Michaela
  • Created on: 19-02-13 19:16
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  • Cultural deprivation
    • Intellectual development
      • Refers to the development of thinking and reasoning skills, i.e. able to solve problems
      • C.D. theorists argue that working-class homes lack books, educational toys + activities that would help a child's intellectual development
    • Language
      • Language = important to Bereiter and Engelmann.
        • Claim language used in lower-class homes is deficient. They use gestures, single words or disjointed phrases
          • Bernstein- two types of speech codes for middle-class and working-class
            • Restricted code: working-class= limited vocab, unfinished sentences, grammatically simple + use gestures
            • Elaborated code: middle-class= wider vocab, complex sentences, speech varied + communicates abstract idea
            • Working-class fail because school doesn't teach them elaborative code
          • Restricted code: working-class= limited vocab, unfinished sentences, grammatically simple + use gestures
          • Elaborated code: middle-class= wider vocab, complex sentences, speech varied + communicates abstract idea
          • Middle-class have advantage: elaborative code used in schools + textbooks
            • Bernstein- two types of speech codes for middle-class and working-class
              • Working-class fail because school doesn't teach them elaborative code
    • Attitudes and values
      • C.D. theorists argue that parents attitudes and values are a key factor affecting educational achievement
  • C.D. theorists argue that parents attitudes and values are a key factor affecting educational achievement

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