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Task 1
· Produce a mind map for social class and
educational achievement…read more

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Assess the view that factors within schools are the greatest
influence on social class differences in educational differences
(20 marks)
Inside School Outside School
· Schools are middle class
institutions · Poverty
· Ideal pupil from middle class · Material Deprivation
· Labelling · Housing Conditions
· Self- fulfilling prophecy
· Diet
· Streaming
· Hidden curriculum · Parental Interest (Douglas)
· Speech Codes (Bernstein) · Cultural Capital
· Interactionist view ­ · Speech Codes (Bernstein)
curriculum favours m/c…read more

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Ideal Pupils Middle Class
· One way in which factors within school influence social
class and achievement is the fact that middle class pupils
are said to be the ideal pupil. This is because middle class
pupils are said to conform to the ways of the school in a
way that makes them appear to be perfectly suited to the
environment. For example they are more likely to be sat
quietly, to wear the appropriate uniform and to respect
the authority of the teachers. This is important since
schools are said to be middle class institutions run by
middle class people meaning that these kinds of attributes
fit are viewed favourably. As a result this could be a major
reason why inside school factors can effect social class
differences in educational achievement.…read more

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Task 2
· Produce a mind map for ethnicity and
educational achievement…read more

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Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the claim
that `ethnic differences in educational achievement are
primarily the result of school factors' (20 marks)
School Factors Other Factors
· Teacher Expectations · Not all ethnic minorities
· Racism share same experience
· Labelling · Problems in defining
· Difference between Asian and ethnicity
Afro-Caribbean pupils · Difficulty measuring
· Institutional Racism ethnicity and achievement
· Ethnocentric Curriculum · Language barriers
· Setting · Family structure
· Streaming
· Societal racism
· Pupil Subcultures
· Material deprivation…read more

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