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Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the view that working-class children
under-achieve because they are culturally deprived.
(20 Marks)

Cultural deprivation theorists argue that most of us are taught the attitudes and skills needed for
educational success during primary socialisation. However, there are a percentage of students who…

Page 2

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entirely new way of speaking, the middle class feel at home. This sense of comfort makes it more likely
for them to be successful in education.

However, despite recognising these differences, Bernstein is critical of cultural deprivation theorists ­
they believe that it is the home which influences children's achievement,…

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Operation Head Start in the USA which includes Sesame Street. The aim of it is to reach young children,
and provide them with the values and attitudes needed for educational success.

In conclusion, we can see that programmes like Operation Head Start show that cultural deprivation can
be overcome, and…




what about material deprivation or other factors?

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