AQA AS Geography Health: Diseases of Affluence

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  • Created on: 22-08-13 19:40
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Diseases of Affluence
Diseases of affluence are those diseases which are thought to be as a result of increasing
wealth in society.
These diseases are thought of as non-communicable diseases.
Diseases of poverty tend to be largely communicable through infection, poor public health
provision or poor hygiene.
Non-communicable disease A disease which is a result coronary heart
of a lifestyle or an increase disease type 2
in wealth in society diabetes
some forms of
cancer depression
alcoholism
Communicable disease A disease passed from one HIV/AIDS
person to another through TB
infection or poor hygiene Malaria
Factors associated with the increase of non-communicable diseases:
Increased use of the car
Less strenuous physical exercise
Easy accessibility to large amounts of low-cost food
More high-fat and high-sugar foods in the diet
More foods which are processed, cooked and commercially provided
Increased leisure time
Prolonged periods of inactivity or sedentary work and leisure
Greater use of alcohol and tobacco
Longer life span because of
- reduced exposure to infectious agents throughout life
- greater use of antibiotics and vaccines

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Coronary Heart Disease
What is it?
Coronary heart disease is a disorder of the heart and blood vessels.
Arteries become blocked and narrowed by a gradual build-up of fatty materials within their
walls.…read more

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Prevention Strategy Case Studies
UK
In the UK dieticians promote the benefits for heart health of eating oily fish, more fruit and
vegetables, and less saturated fat.
Mauritius
In Mauritius, a change from palm oil to soya oil for cooking has brought down Cholesterol
levels, but obesity has been unaffected.
Finland
In Finland, community based interventions, including health education and nutrition
labelling, have led to population wide reductions in cholesterol levels, followed by a sharp
decline in heart disease.…read more

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Distribution of Coronary Heart Disease
Distribution of CHD Cases
CHD is a non-communicable disease ­ it's more common in wealthier countries.…read more

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Distribution of Coronary Heart Disease
Distribution of CHD Deaths
CHD is one of the world's biggest killers.
It caused 14% of global deaths in 1997.
Over 80% of deaths occur in poor and newly-industrialised areas, e.g. sub-Saharan Africa
and India.
Reasons for this:
Poor health care Treatments and surgery aren't affordable or
available
Limited health education People aren't aware of the effects of lifestyle
changes e.g.…read more

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Diabetes
There are two main types:
Type 1 An autoimmune condition which occurs when the body's immune system
attacks the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin
Type 2 Develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin
The pancreas responds by producing more insulin and the liver releases more
glucose to try and increase the amount available
Who is likely to suffer?
People over the age of 40
Overweight children
Common among people of African Caribbean, Asian or Hispanic origin
Overweight or obese
People who…read more

Comments

kat everdeen

great document! Thanks for the help

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