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Diseases of Affluence
Diseases of affluence are those diseases which are thought to be as a result of increasing
wealth in society.

These diseases are thought of as non-communicable diseases.

Diseases of poverty tend to be largely communicable through infection, poor public health
provision or poor hygiene.




Non-communicable disease A…

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Coronary Heart Disease
What is it?

Coronary heart disease is a disorder of the heart and blood vessels.

Arteries become blocked and narrowed by a gradual build-up of fatty materials within their
walls.

Causes Symptoms Prevention How it affects
Lifestyle
Smoking Chest pains Early treatment More time off
work

High…

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Prevention Strategy Case Studies

UK
In the UK dieticians promote the benefits for heart health of eating oily fish, more fruit and
vegetables, and less saturated fat.



Mauritius
In Mauritius, a change from palm oil to soya oil for cooking has brought down Cholesterol
levels, but obesity has been unaffected.…

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Distribution of Coronary Heart Disease


Distribution of CHD Cases
CHD is a non-communicable disease ­ it's more common in wealthier countries.

Reasons include:


Ageing populations Your risk of developing heart disease increases as you
get older

Lifestyle factors An unhealthy lifestyle and being obese or overweight
increases risk

Disposable income…

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Distribution of Coronary Heart Disease


Distribution of CHD Deaths
CHD is one of the world's biggest killers.

It caused 14% of global deaths in 1997.

Over 80% of deaths occur in poor and newly-industrialised areas, e.g. sub-Saharan Africa
and India.

Reasons for this:


Poor health care Treatments and surgery aren't…

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Diabetes
There are two main types:

Type 1 An autoimmune condition which occurs when the body's immune system
attacks the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin

Type 2 Develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin
The pancreas responds by producing more insulin and the liver releases more
glucose…

Comments

kat everdeen

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great document! Thanks for the help

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