Clinical psychology

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  • Created by: daryax
  • Created on: 22-01-18 11:31
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  • Clinical Psychology
    • medical model
      • assumes physical cause for MHDs - treated with medication
        • behaviours are symptoms of underlying condition - brain abnormalities/physical impairments
      • relies on DSM-V
        • Axis II - personality problems or intelligence impairments
    • cognitive-behavioural
      • behavioural - model states psychopathology due to learnt reactions
      • cognitive - disorders are learnt ways of thinking and processing
        • Ellis (1962) believed people has irrational beliefs or dsyfunctional ways of thinking
        • Beck (1967) - negative views about the world, self and future
      • cCBT - BMJ 2015
    • biopsychosocial
    • psychoanalytic model
      • id, ego and superegoshape personality
        • Erdelyl (1993) - hard to study objectively
    • schizophrenia
      • biological
        • first degree relative Schneider & Deldin, 2001
        • MZ 44 and DZ 12 twins
        • adopted children more likely to have biological relative Kety et al (1994)
        • dopamine hypothesis -antipsychotics
      • social
        • sociogenic - Byrne et al (2004)
        • social selection - Turner & Wagonfield (1967)
        • social labelling theory - Modrow (1992)
      • communication deviance
        • independant predictor of schizophrenia Wahlbery et al., (2001)
        • parents - Asarnow, Goldstein & Ben-Weir (1988)
    • anxiety
      • CO2 levels Ley & Walker (1973)
      • GAD - processing biases Mogg et al 1993
        • emotional stroop Mogg 2000
        • catastropes/negative emotions Borkovec 1999
        • others reinforcing worries
    • defining mental health
      • statistical norms, doesn't account for specific needs e.g IQ
      • adaptive/maladaptive behaviour - can't adapt to normal life
      • distress and impairment
    • stress-diathesis

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