A2 PE Psychology Short Term

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • A2 PE Psychology Short Term
    • Motivation and Stress control
      • motivation the drive to play well
      • preparation phase
        • (before game) influence by self confidence
      • Bandura 77 self efficacy- (self confidence in a specific situation) affected effort put in and how long the preserve
        • 4 factors
          • 1.accomplishments (past experience)
          • 2. vicarious experience (observed others)
          • 3.social persuasion (support/speeches from others)
          • 4. Emotional arousal (physiological and emotional state)
    • Anxiety
      • reaction to a threat in the environment part of flight or fight
        • 1. Cognitive worry and feelings about performance
        • 2. somatic physiological raised HR, sweat
        • 3. Behavioural tension, agitation and restlessness
      • State anxiety- situation specific e.g. penalty kick
      • trait anxiety- general feeling of apprehension
      • Choking
        • failure to perform due to anxiety
        • helped by setting goals
          • imagery  of success
          • postive talk
          • relaxation techniques
          • music
      • Anxiety control methods
        • mental rehersal
        • coping skills (change attitude of something)
        • somatic and cognitive skills (physical and mental reaction)
        • performance monitoring review (record performances and workout best situation for you)
        • pre performance routines (specific tasks to always do)
        • simulation training - train with pressure
    • Arousal
      • can affect technique and each athlete has their own individual response
      • Theories
        • Inverted U- relationships between performance and arousal
        • Drive Theory- the greater the arousal the more typical the performance (good do well, weaker do worse)
        • Catastrophe theory- arousal depends on cognitive anxiety, low CA gives good performance but high CA is Catastrophic
        • processing efficiency- anxiety may affect processing athlete need to work harder when anxious to keep same level of performance
    • Aggression and Assertion
      • aggression- intent to harm outside of rules
        • caused by
          • nature innate biological get frustrated become aggressive
          • nurture- bandura 77 something we learn from watching others
      • assertion- controlled channeled aggression
    • Home Advantage
      • 56-64% home wins (especially indoors due to being closer to the crowd)
      • Social Facilitation
        • the influence of others - could be players or others
      • Social inhibition
        • could have negative effect by increasing arousal, competitive drive and speed of performance
      • Social Loafing- so many taking part you can get away with doing less
    • Coping Strategies
      • practising selective attention
      • cognitive visualisation techniques and strategies
        • imagery
        • mental rehersal
        • cue utilisation
        • slef talk
      • perfection of skills
      • encourage people to give feedback
      • practice with crowd noises
      • stress management and relaxation techniques
    • Evaluation apprehension theory
      • cottrel 72
      • not affected by people watching you but whether if you feel the people watching you are judging you
        • e.g. england selector

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Physical Education resources:

See all Physical Education resources »See all Sports psychology resources »