A2 PE Psychology Long Term 2

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  • A2 PE Long Term Psychological
    • Atrribution ttheory
      • the reason we give for winning or losing
      • Weiner 74
        • 2 dimensions
          • 1. Locus of causality internal factors ability and effort we control, external factors luck and task difficulty beyond control)
          • 2. Stability (stable don't change in short term, unstable change in short term)
    • Leaned Helpfulness
      • perception that defeat is inevitable due to stable internal and uncontrollable events
        • based on prior knowledge need to be retrained
      • Low confidence is shown in this area by Naf people
      • Nach on other hand have a mastery orientation, confident and control of own destiny expect success in the future
      • Retraining can change a performers expectations
        • Atherton 2003
          • coach could
            • change tacis/ blame equipment
            • focus on positives
            • focus on successful performers and copy them
            • make it less personal in blame
    • Visualisation
      • creating a mental image of what youwant to happen
      • can use visual awareness training to make eyes and thought processes controlled decision making
      • be aware as visualisation can become fixated on a long term goal(get through short term first)
    • Ritual
      • a formal or ceremonial event or action
      • a habit, belief that may have symbolic or emotional value
      • purpose
        • unites crowd
        • generates respect
        • strengthens social bonds
        • shows respect
        • defines cultural heritage
        • fulfuls emotional needs
        • raise arousal
        • reaffirmation of faith
    • Kinaestesis
      • sense of motion and perception of body part oreintation
    • Perception
      • ability to interpret what is happening as a result of sensory info
      • see - think - interpret - move
      • the more you do of something the better you get at interpreting and reading the cues earlier
      • SCANNING
        • visual perception where you take in many aspects of field of vision
        • CUE- stimulus or signal
      • Reaction time- time between stimulus and response
      • Movement Time - time taken to do action after reaction time
      • Response Time- combination of both of above
      • selective attention
        • focusing on the most important event
      • Channel Capacity
        • brain can only cope with certain amount of information (so good athletes only send useful information)
      • performers build a bank of experiences while training playing and then have a greater experience to select correct response based on prior knowledge
        • so practices need to increase this awareness
          • make it game speed
          • make sure decision making skills are in practice
          • remind them of cues
          • create challenges
      • Perception depends on
        • peripheral vision (wide field of vision)
        • depth perception (judge distance)
        • dynamic acuity (fine detail when moving)
        • static acuity ( fine detail when still)
        • pursuit (smooth movement o eyes following an object)
        • Saccade (fast movement of eye, head or other body part)
        • Also need vergence (fixate on object) contrasts sensitivity (see subtle difference) accommodation ( ability to focus on near and far objects)
      • Anticipation
        • working out what you think will happen
      • Extrapolation
        • brain working out the deception and anticipation to work out outcome
      • Improvisation
        • react to a changing situation and change plan

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