Warlords, Nationalists and Communists

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When was the United Front formed, and when did it end?
1924 - 1927
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What political parties formed the United Front
The CCP and the GMD
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What were the Three Principles of the People?
National sovereignity, democracy and people's welfare
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When were the Three Principles of the People formed?
1923
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When did Sun Yat-sen die?
1925
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What was the main political effect of Sun Yat-sens death?
It released anti- Communist feelings within the GMD
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Where was the GMD based?
Guangzhou
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When was the GMD founded?
1917
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When was the GMD reformed?
1919
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When was the Northern Expedition?
1926 - 1928
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Who were the three targets of the Norhtern Expedition?
Wu Peifu, Sun Chuanfang and Zhang Zuolin
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What were the Nation Front's strategies in the Northern Expedition?
Surround individual warlord armies, cut their supplies and crush them.
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What were Chiang Kai Shek's two objectives?
The destruction of warlords and the obliteration of the Communists
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What were the results of Chiang Kai Shek's weakness?
Prevention from full control of China, and intensified determination to destroy the Communists.
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Why was the defeat of the warlords only partial?
Not all warlords were crushed, some were won over by being offered positions in the GMD or government, and others were allowed to keep their personal armies if they accepted the GMD's authority.
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When did Yuan Shikai become Emperor?
1916
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When did Yuan Shikai die?
1916 - three months after becoming Emperor
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What years was the Warlord Era?
1916 - 1927
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What did China hope to achieve from Versailles?
The return of Shandong to China, the withdrawal of foreign concessions in China and the cancellatioin of Japan's 21 Demands of 1915?
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When were Japans 21 Demands?
1915
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When did China enter WW1, and on whose side?
1917 - on the side of the allies
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What were some of Japan's 21 Demands?
That China by 50% or more of their munitions from Japan, and that CHinese government had to employ Japanese as advisers in political, financial and military affairs.
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When did Yuan Shikai become president?
1912
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When was China's foreign loan, and for how much?
1913, and for $100 million from the USA. They pledged future tax revenues.
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When was the Second Revolution?
1913
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What political parties formed the United Front

Back

The CCP and the GMD

Card 3

Front

What were the Three Principles of the People?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When were the Three Principles of the People formed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When did Sun Yat-sen die?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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