Chinese History Timeline

Edexcel China topic 



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  • Created by: k!r4
  • Created on: 09-01-14 16:33
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1913- Foreign Loan
1895 ­ Sino-Japanese War Yuan negotiate large loan to finance his
China defeated government
November 1908- Death of Guangxu and Cixi November 1911- Only 3 $100 million provided:
2yr old Pu Yi leader (Prince Chun regent) provinces still loyal to they would recognise Britain's control of Tibet
Yuan Shikai (commander) dismissed government and Russia's of Outer Mongolia
1900-1 ­ Boxer Rising
IF they didn't pay the loan back, the allies could
Cixi launched campaign against `foreign devils' in China 10th October 1911- Revolution have control of taxes
Backed anti-western secret societies Wuhan troops disobedient China had to put finances under foreign control
Attacks on Foreign missionaries and Chinese Christians Mutinies in neighbouring provinces
Foreign powers raised army and crushed Boxers, China Local revolutionaries joined in
had to pay reparations $450 million, Foreign troops in and Yuan Shikai called to command army
around Beijing and fortifications destroyed. Seized rebellious regions but not Wuhan
came to terms with them
1898- 100 Days reforms 1st January 1912- Sun Yatsen President
Created in an attempt to divert criticism November 1911- Delegates in Nanjing Yuan Shikai offered military strength for
Changes in civil service, education, industrial Aimed to establish republic of China Presidency promised Yuan a workable
organisation republican constitiution
1905-Guomindang formed
More people in court opposed them Leader Sun Yatsen, formed in Tokyo 1911- Nationalisation of Railways
Cixi took over the government and had
Depended of Foreign loans to
reformers killed or imprisoned
compensate previous owners

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Republicans condemned harsh terms of Loan March 1916- Yuan renounces the Throne
GMD tried to organise armed resistance Dies 3 months later 1919- Sun declares reformation
Yuan's army crushed the resistance of GMD, Guangzhou becomes
1915- Japan's 21 Demands main power base
Introduced series of measures designed to Police force must be run by both Japanese and Chinese 1917 - Zhang Xun tries to restore
consolidate his power Political, Financial and Military areas must contain Pu Yi to the throne July 1921 ­ Formation…read more

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­ Chiang Kaishek becomes C in C
1924 ­ Sun plans to unify China Appointed at Whampoa Military 1926 ­ Chiang dismisses some
1923- 3 principles of the People Academy at Guangzhou CCP officials and Wang
Nationalism, democracy, people's Jingwei (threat in GMD)
30th May Incident 1925
1923 ­ CCP railway stoppage Beijing Shanghai- large crowd march against shooting of
Attempted to get rid of Warlord Chinese workers by Japanese factory guards
power British commander orders forces to crush protests
12 people were killed…read more

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April 1927- White Terror `Shanghai Massacre' 1929 ­ Encirclement Campaigns by GMD
Chiang intensifies attack on Communists Chaing's attempts to eradicate remainder of the CCP
Zhou Enlai formed trade union move Autumn 1927- Autumn Harvest rising Hans Von Seeckt suggested strangulation of CCP
5000 communists shot or beheaded by GMD CCP resistance lead by Mao Zedong in Hunan armies through encirclement campaigns September 1931- Mukden Incident "Shenyang Incident"
in Shanghai,In Hunan 250,000 Defiance of Moscow's order, despite White First 3 were resisted by Marshal Zhu…read more

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Xi'an Incident
May 1933- Treaty of Tanggu 1934-5 ­ Famine and Drought Warlord Zhang Xueliang and CCP
Chinese accepted occupation of Flooding of the Yangtze River kidnapped Chiang Kiashek after growing
Manchuria by the Japanese Famine killed 30 Million tired of appeasement towards Japanese
National humiliation for China 1940- 100 Regiments Offensive
1935 ­ Zunyi Meeting He went to Xi'an to supervise destruction
400,000 CCP Troops in 100 Regiments
Mao believed Urban reds were abandoning of Communists
under Peng Dehuai undertook series of
successful Guerilla…read more

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­ Publication of Mao's 'New Democracy'
1941- Russo Japanese non Aggression pact
Appealed to Chinese to Unite against enemies of the Nation 1941- Russo-Japanese non-aggression pact
Solved fighting on the Manchurian border
between USSR and Japan
1940-4 ­ `New Government of China' 1942- Rectification of Conduct Campaign
Wang Jingwei (former GMD) headed new government Kang Sheng (security chief) organised the Campaign
He denounced Chiang Kaishek introduced by Mao
Kang imprisoned 1000 CCP members
1940 ­ Wang Jingwei's government 7th December 1941- Pearl Harbour Attack Political…read more

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­ Soviet-GMD friendship treaty June 1946-October 1949-Chinese Civil War
Chiang allowed Soviet forces into Manchuria, in Struggle for Manchuria 1st October 1949 ­ Chinese People's Republic declared
return for the USSR recognising the GMD as the Strong Point Offensive 1947 Mao Zedong enters the Forbidden City
legitimate government in China Liaoshen Campaign September-November 1948
Huaihai Campaign November 1948- January 1949
Pingjin Campaign November 1948- January 1949
GMD lost 3 million
CCP lost 1 million
Civilian Deaths 6 Million
1944- Ichigo Offensive
Japanese launched
Battles fought…read more


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