Nationalist China and White Terror

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  • Created by: Phoebe
  • Created on: 14-04-13 21:32
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  • The White Terror 1927
    • Climax of Chiangs attack on communists
      • executed 5000  known communists
    • The autumn harvest rising 1927
      • CCP resistance led by Mao Zendong in Hunan 'Sun of Hunan'  used peasant ties to raise army of 10,000
      • Defiance  of USSR orders that united front be maintained
      • Fled to Jiangxi saved them
    • The
  • Nationalist China 1928-1937
    • Chiang Kai  Sheks plans for chinese delvelopment
      • built on bases of three princaples but had to wait for 3 preliminary stages
        • GMD dominance during which people would be educated in political knowledge and values
        • The overthrow by the nationalist army of Chinas internal and external enemies
        • Enlightened people would help turn chins into a full democracy
      • Chiangs reforms
        • Civil service modernised
        • creation of special administrative  departments and training colleges
        • Chinese banks brought under central control
        • The Shangai stock exchange became an international financial market
        • The national resources commission was set up to develop trade and negotiate foreign deals
        • Transport Improved and communication systems. Modern buses and trams developed
        • Chinese film industry became internationally renowned
        • Fashion houses in Shangai respected on international scale
        • Opium trade brought under government control
        • Restrictions were imposed on organised gambling rings
    • Wanted some control over foreign interference
      • Higher import and export costs
      • Legal sector restructured
      • High numbers of foreign troops due to 30th may so could not physically remove foreigners
    • German influence in Nationalist China
      • Chiangs Hans von seeckt chief adviser headed a german military mission to china
      • Germany supplied weapons until 1936
      • Secret policce
    • New life movement
      • The need to unite and crush communists
      • rejection of communism and western capitalism
      • Criticisms
        • Funding by gangs (green gang)
        • Couldn't abandon capitalism due to lack of money and reliance on western commercial and financial intrests
    • Failure peasant poverty
      • Ending of landlord control and exploitation  of peasants
      • extension of property rights to peasants
      • protection of the peasants against excessive rents
      • The guarantee of fair prices paid to peasants for agricultural produce
      • aims unacheived
    • nationalists only controlled up to 1/3 of china at a time
      • Failure peasant poverty
        • Ending of landlord control and exploitation  of peasants
        • extension of property rights to peasants
        • protection of the peasants against excessive rents
        • The guarantee of fair prices paid to peasants for agricultural produce
        • aims unacheived
    • Japanese occupation of Manchuria 1931 reminder of how far from indipendance
    • SUCCESSES
      • - OVERTHREW WARLORDS - GAINED INTERNATIONAL RECOGNISITION - STEPS TOWARDS WORKABLE GOVERNMENTAND LEGAL SYSTEM
    • FAILURE
      • POWERLESS TO PREVENT FAMINE 1934-35 DEATH OF 30MILLION
      • TOO PREOCCUPIED ON CRUSHING CCP
      • PROGRESS TOWARDS REMOVING FOREIGN INTERFERENCE UNDERMINED BY MANCHURIA 1931
      • UNABLE TO TACKLE URGENT SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC PROBLEMS
      • COOPERATING WITH GANGS BETRAYED SENSE OF MORALS
      • TURNED TO AUTHORITARIANISM TO CONSOLIDATE POWER

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