Topic 4 - Religion, Renewal and Choice

What does Davie argue about religion?
It is not declining but taking a more privatised form
1 of 17
Who argues Spiritual Shopping?
2 of 17
What is Spiritual Shopping?
Religion is now individualised through independent consumerism
3 of 17
Who argues Postmodernism as changing religion?
4 of 17
What are the three features of Postmodernism changing religion?
Globalisation, increased importance of the media and consumerism
5 of 17
What does globalisation do to religion?
Increases the movement of religious ideas across national boundaries causing it to become de-institutionalised
6 of 17
What does the media do to religion?
It saturates us with messages from around the globe by moving them out of their local context to a different place and time
7 of 17
What does consumerism do to religion?
We choose our own beliefs to meet individual needs. Pick and mix elements of different faiths to suit our tastes.
8 of 17
Give an example of religion in the media.
9 of 17
What is the New Age of religion?
Rejects obligation and obedience to external authority found in traditional religions. Emphasises personal development
10 of 17
What does Heelas and Woodhead say about New Age beliefs?
It has grown because of today's individualistic culture and evangelical churches are more successful that traditional churches
11 of 17
What are some weaknesses of the New Age?
The growth isn't large enough to fill the gap left by traditional religions, serious commitment is rare, New Age spirituality is a cause of secularisation
12 of 17
Who argues a religious market theory?
Stark and Bainbridge
13 of 17
What is religious market theory?
There is now a market for religion which meets human needs
14 of 17
Who rejects religious market theory and instead argues existential security theory?
Norris and Inglehart
15 of 17
What is existential security theory?
survival is secure enough that it is taken for granted. Therefore, groups that feel insecure have a high demand for religion
16 of 17
Why are western societies becoming more secular according to existential security theory?
Those societies are relatively equal and secure whereas the US has high poverty and weak welfare system
17 of 17

Other cards in this set

Card 2


Who argues Spiritual Shopping?



Card 3


What is Spiritual Shopping?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Who argues Postmodernism as changing religion?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What are the three features of Postmodernism changing religion?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Religion and beliefs resources »