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Page 1

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Topic 4: Religion, renewal and choice

Postmodernity and religion
Believing without belonging

Religion is becoming privatised
People are believing in their homes so not going to church

Vicarious religion

Small number of the clergy practice religion on behalf of the larger community
25% go to church but 80% use…

Page 2

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Topic 4: Religion, renewal and choice

We now `Pick and Mix' the elements of different religions that we want
Religion has moved into the sphere of consumerism
There has been a loss of faith in the meta-narrative

Re-enchantment of the world

Criticises the secularisation theory for assuming that religion is…

Page 3

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Topic 4: Religion, renewal and choice

Vasquez: They offer good explanations for differences between countries but don't examine
people's own definitions of existential security
Ignore the positive reasons people have for participation

Gill and Lundegaarde
The more countries spend on state welfare the lower the level of religious participation


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