Talk in life and lit terminology

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dramatic irony
in drama when something is said by a character that has an apparent meaning to a character and the audience but another meaning to another character
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adverb
gives more info about a verb (doing word)
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intonation
tone of voice
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competitive turn taking
different speakers talk at once E.G. in an argument
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hesitations
link to the context, what is the reason for the hesitations
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conversational markers
phrases that draw the listener in by asking for approval E.G. 'you know what i mean'
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cooperative overlaps
supportive interruptions often seen as a feature of all female conversations
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cooperative talk
turn taking model often followed in scripted or formal conversations- one speaker finishes their utterance before another begins
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linear conversation
speech that proceeds from A-B without hesitation- genuine conversation
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post modifiers
words that follow other words or phrases giving us more information
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overlaps/interruptions
tells you about the relationship and status of the two characters
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interjection
'oh' 'hm' consider how the line would be delivered and impact
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allocating turns
links with power and status, people may offer the floor, link to gender
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back-chanelling
a listener can indicate that they want the speaker to continue by uttering sounds or words 'yeah' can expose a relationship
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convergence
where the speaker adopts some of the idiolectal aspects of another speaker used for dramatic effect in script
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anacoluthon
topic shift mid sentence, usually lost train of thought or important point coming forth
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adverbial
an element in a sentence that indicates when, where or how something has happened
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antithesis
when words or ideas are directly opposite in meaning
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repair
a speaker correcting themself
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anaphoric reference
a reference back to something mentioned earlier in the text
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foregrounding
using word order to highlight part of a sentence
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blank verse
unrhymed poetry based on iambic pentameter
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discourse markers
words that indicate links or divisions between parts of discourse e.g. 'well' 'anyway'
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passive voice
using a verb in a way that emphasises the object of an action rather than the person performing the action
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deixis
pointing words, often refering to place 'over there' or time 'yesterday'
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collaborative completion
finish another persons utterance
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pre-modifiers
words placed in front of other words/phrases giving more information 'BRIGHT red door'
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pseudo question
a question which you already know the answer to
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non-fluency features
features that interrupt the flow of a persons speech
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asyndetic list
a list that uses comas instead of conjunctions
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parallelism
when parts of a sentence have a similar pattern or structure
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assonance
the rhyming of vowel sounds within two or more words
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determiner
a word placed in front of a noun to indicate quantity or identify the noun in some way 'a' 'the'
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intensifier
a word that increases or decreases the strength of another word
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transactional
transaction where there is negotiation or getting something done
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referential
providing information
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interactional
main emphasis is on social
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phatic
small talk
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expressive
conveying feelings or emotions
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pejoration
a shift in the meaning of a word so it becomes less positive
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non-fluency features
features that interrupt the flow of a persons speech E.G. hesitations, reppetiton
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narrowing
when the meaning of a word becomes more specific and limited
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loan word
a word taken from another language
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idiom
an expression whose meaning cannot be understood from the meanings of the words used E.G. 'out of the woods'
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head word
the main word in a phrase
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graphology
the visual aspects of the texts
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end-focus
placing emphasis on the end part of a sentence
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divergence
when the speech style of two people move away from each other, often used intentionally to emphasis social distance
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topic loop
when a conversation returns to an earlier topic
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sociolect
a variety of language or dialect used by a particular social group
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register
a form of language appropriate to a particular situation
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pragmatics
the study of the part of language in social situations
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topic marker
occurs when an utterance establishes the topic of a sentence
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dramatic dialogue
reveals conflict or tension, crafted dialogue often implies rather than states relying on the audiences knowledge of character and plot
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idiolect
an individuals spoken language features
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tag questions
questions tagged onto the end of a declaritive
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

gives more info about a verb (doing word)

Back

adverb

Card 3

Front

tone of voice

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

different speakers talk at once E.G. in an argument

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

link to the context, what is the reason for the hesitations

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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