English Language and Literature Waiting for Godot and Talk in Life and Literature

English lang and lit essay structure for waiting for godot and talk in life and literature 

Waiting for Godot- Intro

What does the steer mean? How far do you think it is true? 

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Waiting for Godot - Literary

  • Existentiliast - What's the point?! Life!
  • Theatre of the absurd - Bedwilderment/Anxiety/Wonder 
  • Mysterious
  • Repetition of negatives
  • The human condition - What it's like to live and be human
  • Tragi-comdey - Paradox/Tragic-comedy
  • Avant Garde - Deliberately wierd
  • Alienation
  • Modernism - Post modernism (past) and Modernism (rules/conventions broken)
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Waiting for Godot - Linguistic

  • Grice Maxims - Quality/Quantity/Relevance/Manner
  • MLU (Mean Length of Utterance) - High/Medium/Low
  • Equivocation  - unclear words/lang
  • Sub-textual meaning
  • Types of utterances - Declarative (statements)/Interrogative (qs)/Excalamtory (!)
  • Politeness rule - Postive/negative
  • Felecity conditions
  • Dyadic/Adjacency pairs 
  • Reformulation - putting statment into different words
  • Accomodation theory - working together in convo
  • Non-fluency features - hedges/fillers/false starts 
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Waiting for Godot - Rhetorical

  • Alliteration
  • Reptition/Anaphora
  • Aporia - expression of doubt
  • Antithesis - opposition/contrast of ideas
  • Circumiocation - going round in circles
  • Equivocation - long words/deliberatley confusing
  • Hyperbole
  • Obfuscation - hiding behind long words/avoiding
  • Personification
  • Bathos - builds up then falls flat
  • Pleonasm - over explaining
  • Metaphor
  • Similes
  • Stichomythia - intensify drama/comedydrama/thesis and antithesis 
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Waiting for Godot - Dramatic devices

  • Repetition/Anaphora
  • Alienation
  • Humour
  • Tension/Suspence
  • Change of mood and tone - contrast
  • Foreboding/foreshadowing - something bad is about to happen
  • Parallels - characters = similar 
  • Concept ritual - tightly choreographed
  • Inconsistent characers/lack of psyhchological realism  
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Talk in Life and Literature - C.A.P.

  • Context - when? why? what? where? who? how?
  • Audience - Internal/External
  • Purpose - Entertain/Persuade/Inform 
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Talk in Life and Literature - Theory

  • Grice Maxims  - Quantity/Quality/Relevance/Manner
  • MLU - High/Low
  • Felecity conditions - Right place, right time
  • Politeness rule - Positive/Negative
  • Co-operative principles - Describes how people interact with others
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Talk in Life and Literature - Fluency

  • Repetition/Anaphora
  • False starts
  • Pauses
  • Fillers
  • Fluent/hesitant 
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Talk in Life + Literature - Interaction

  • Turn taking
  • Adjaceny pairs/dyadic
  • Back channeling - Indirect means of exchaning sensetive info
  • Tag qs
  • Overlaps
  • Stichomythia - intendify drama/rhetorical/tension/comedy/thesis+antithesis
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Talk in Life and Literature - Lexis and Grammar

  • Dialect 
  • Vague language
  • Field - specific lexis
  • Punctuation
  • Standard/non-standard English - Martin Joo's 5 styles - Formal, Intimate, Casual, Consultive and Frozen 
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Talk in Life and Literature - Types of Utterance

  • Declarative - statment
  • Interrogative - q's
  • Imperative - command
  • Exclamative - !
  • Compound - "I like to go to town and I like buses"
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Talk in Life and Literature - Narrative voice

  • Labvov's Narrative Structure Theory 
    • Abstract (summary)
    • Orientation (context)
    • Evaluation (point of interest)
    • Narrative (story telling)
    • Result (what finally happens)
    • Coda (signals the end)
  • Who's the speaker? 
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Talk in Life and Literature - Speakers A + V

  • Ephemeral - doesn't mean anything
  • Date/time it was written depends of Attidues + values - gender/age/race/religion/class
  • Implicit/explicit - hidden/obvious
  • Level of formality
  • Read between lines to understand
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