Stalin's economic changes

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  • Created by: katewells
  • Created on: 08-05-16 16:03
What was Collectivization?
Collectivization was a policy of forced consolidation of individual peasant households into collective farms
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What were called “kolkhozes”?
Collective farms
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Who did Stalin wage war on due to low food production?
The Kulaks
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What year did Stalin take the Kulaks land and exclude them from collective farms?
1928
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How many Kulaks were sent to Kazakhstan or Siberia?
6 million
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In 1929 who was the policy extended to?
The Muzhiks (middle class peasants)
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What was the aim of collectivisation?
To produce more food
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As well as new Industries what else was built?
Industrial cities and towns e.g Magnitogorsk
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What was Stakhanovism?
Super workers who were given extra pay and privileges for high output
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What ways enabled Stalin to achieve an improved industry?
1)Skilled foreign worker taught new skills 2)Peasants encouraged to work in factories 3)Forced labour for prisoners 4)Increased hours of work 5)Strict work discipline
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What did the concentration on heavy industry lead to?
Great shortages in consumer goods
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What policy did Stalin create when he believed that the family was in decline and when?
1936, the new family law
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What did the new family law state?
Divorce was more difficult to obtain, abortion was illegal unless medical cases and tax breaks given for families with more children
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How did Stalin promote women in the work place?
1) Free health care 2) Accident insurance 3) Paid holidays 4) Sitting services
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How many women make up engineers?
1/3
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What percentage of women were doctors?
79%
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How much percentage did women make of the total industrial workforce?
43%
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What did Stalin not allow women to do?
Hold positions in the government
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What were the negatives of Stalin's reforms on women?
Still occupied lower positions and faced discrimination as well as being expected to work at home
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What were called “kolkhozes”?

Back

Collective farms

Card 3

Front

Who did Stalin wage war on due to low food production?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What year did Stalin take the Kulaks land and exclude them from collective farms?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How many Kulaks were sent to Kazakhstan or Siberia?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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