Social Cognitive Theory: Observational Learning

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What are the four elements of observational learning?
Attention, Retention, Production and Motivation
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What does the element attention involve?
Paying attention to the model
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What does the retention stage involve?
Teachers will model the behaviour they want students to imitate
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What does the production element involve?
Students will try to match their behaviour to the model's
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What does the element motivation involve?
Students imitate a behaviour believing in doing so it increases their chance of being reinforced
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What does reinforcement mean?
A consequence that will strengthen ones future behaviour
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What are the three types of reinforcement for the motivation stage?
Direct, Vicarious and Self Reinforcement
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Give an example of direct reinforcement
Giving praise or reward
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Give an example of vicarious reinforcement
Watching others and imitating that behaviour
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Give an example of self reinforcement
Giving yourself internal praise
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Card 2

Front

What does the element attention involve?

Back

Paying attention to the model

Card 3

Front

What does the retention stage involve?

Back

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Card 4

Front

What does the production element involve?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does the element motivation involve?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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