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Give an example of a management strategy for re-urbanisation that guarantees affordable housing.
A redevelopment programme in Camden, North London, guaranteed that 25% of the new homes on the site would be made affordable for council tenants and people on low incomes.
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Give an example of a management strategy for re-urbanisation that works with charitable projects.
City Gateway in the London Docklands. They work with disadvantaged young people from the area, running training courses to help them learn new skills so they can get into employment.
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What do charitable projects aim to do?
Improve the skills of the existing population to increase employment levels, to provide food through food banks or to provide basic necessities such as toiletries and clothes.
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Give an example of where redevelopment has caused re-urbanisation to take place?
The London Docklands. They are on the River Thames in the east of London.
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What is the history of the London Docklands?
During the 19th and 20th centuries the docks were globally important and there was a lot of economic activity in the area, such as shipping offices. From the 1960s, the docks began to decline due to changes in the shipping industry.
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What changes took place in the shipping industry?
Larger container ships became common and the London docks were not large enough or deep enough to accommodate the, such as the Isle of Dogs.
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In the 1980s, what evidence was there of dereliction in the London Docklands?
150,000 people had lost their jobs, 20% of the housing was not suitable to live, 95% of housing was rented, and there was poor transport links to the rest of the city.
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What was set up in 1981?
The London Docklands Development Corporation (LDDC), a UDC, in order to redevelop the area.
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How has the population of the London Docklands change since 1980?
It has doubled.
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How has housing been improved in the London Docklands?
24,000 new homes have been built, with 6,250 being housing association or local authority homes.
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How has transport been improved in the London Docklands?
The Docklands Light Railway opened in 1987, which cut journey times to Central London less than 20 minutes. New pedestrian and cycle routes have made the area safer and more accessible. City Airport now transports 500,000 passengers each year.
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How has education been improved in the London Docklands?
New schools and colleges were built and existing schools were improved, such as buying new IT equipment.
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How has the community been improved in the London Docklands?
New public facilities have been built, such as a sailing and waterspouts centre and the Surrey Quays shopping centre. 5 new health centres have been built and one has been refurbished. £100 million has been spent on the community.
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How has the environment been improved in the London Docklands?
The docks were refurbished, providing a pleasant environment for local residents. New outdoor spaces were created, such as an ecology park at Bow Creek and a wildfowl sanctuary at East India Dock. 200,000 trees were planted overall.
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How has the economy been improved in the London Docklands?
By 1998, there were 2,700 businesses trading and the area had attracted £7.7 billion of private investment. The new businesses created jobs with 85,000 people working there by 1998.
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What was the area made for between 1982 to 1992?
An Enterprise Zone.
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What has taken place in Shadwell Basin and Wapping to manage re-urbanisation?
The LDDC asked for 40% of new housing to be sold at an affordable price to the original residents.
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What has been set up to manage re-urbanisation?
Centres to provide training in basic literacy, maths and IT. £1.5 million was spent on an IT centres in 1984. It trained unemployed 16 to 18 year olds in basic IT, giving them work experience and a qualification from local businesses at the end.
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Other than setting up education centres, what else has the LDDC supported to help improve the employability of local residents?
Skillnet - a job agency which worked with training providers and employers to provide people with the skills they needed to find work in the area. such as construction.
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Negative Impact: There was some conflict between original residents and newer, more affluent residents.
This was because some of the original residents felt that the LDDC favoured luxury developments rather than affordable housing.
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Negative Impact: Many of the original residents were unable to find work in the new businesses.
This was because the dos on offer were often skilled positions in the service industry, such as banking, and many of the original residents were not qualified for this typeof work.
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In 1981, how many in the Docklands were either unskilled or semi-skilled?
36%
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Why has there been a reduction in community spirit in the London Docklands?
Due to the arrival of the yuppies.
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Card 2

Front

Give an example of a management strategy for re-urbanisation that works with charitable projects.

Back

City Gateway in the London Docklands. They work with disadvantaged young people from the area, running training courses to help them learn new skills so they can get into employment.

Card 3

Front

What do charitable projects aim to do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Give an example of where redevelopment has caused re-urbanisation to take place?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the history of the London Docklands?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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