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Energy security
Key terms

Energy- the capacity to do work. Energy is fundamental to human survival and development. Energy
is vital for light, heating, transport, food, communication, electricity and the construction of
materials and more. A secure energy supply is crucial to human wellbeing.

Energy security - is vital for…

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home which cannot be kept warm at reasonable cost'. Statistically this is when a household needs
to spend more than 10% of its income to maintain an adequate heating regime.

The energy security index- based on the following indicators; availability (the amount and
longevity of each country's domestic oil and…

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concerns about coal is that it releases large amounts of pollutants, causes smog and it contributes
to climate change the most out of the three fossil fuels as it releases the most greenhouse gases.
However, carbon capture storage in coal power stations is in development.

Natural gas- methane rich and…

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Nuclear fusion could provide an unlimited and cheap source of energy. However, to be viable
fusion power plants would have to produce more energy than they consume which has proven
elusive. In September 2013 scientists in the USA managed to make the energy released through
fusion reactors exceed the amount…

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40 years old. EDF which is owned by the French government plans to extend the lives of reactors
from 40 to 60 years but this will cost money.

Austria has long been against nuclear power and has called for Europe to abstain from nuclear
energy however its neighbour the Czech…

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China plans to produce 40GW of nuclear energy a year by 2020.

Ten nuclear power plants were built across Britain from 1956 to 1966. The power plants came to
supply ¼ of Britain's energy needs. Calder hall the world's 1st nuclear power plant closed in 2003
after more than 40…

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regulation. In 2013 a yougov poll published in the Sunday times found that nuclear was the most
popular choice to provide Britain's future energy needs.

French energy giant EDF is leading a consortium building a £161 billion plant at Hinkley point in
Somerset. The UK government has guaranteed power prices…

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In 2012 EDF extended the decommissioning dates of Hinkley point B in Somerset and Hunterston in
north Ayrshire in Scotland to 2023. These plants give jobs to 1,500 people. They generate enough
low carbon electricity for 2 million homes.

The Torness nuclear power plant is located between Berwick and Edinburgh.…

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Decommissioning a nuclear power plant costs £20-25
The independent newspaper found that 76 operating
power plants in Japan, Taiwan, China, South Korea,
India, Pakistan and the US were located in areas
vulnerable to tsunamis. The Independent found more
than 1 in 10 nuclear power stations were at high or…

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mirrors to focus a large area of sunlight into a small beam. Photovoltaic's convert light into
electrical current using the photovoltaic effect.

A solar farm is a large array of interconnected solar panels that capture sunlight and use its
energy to generate electricity. Solar panel farms can provide surplus energy…


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